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Full text of "Anthracite Division Annual Report 1949"

UfflversityofSciaflton 

The Library 




For Reference 



Not to be taken from this room 



Digitized by the Internet Archive 
in 2013 



http://archive.org/details/anthracite50penn 



Commonwealth of Pennsylvania 
Department of Mines 




Anthracite Division 

AsaiannsiD Mcip^rft 

1949 

Harrisburg, Pennsylvania 



Richard Maize 

Secret at y of Mines 

Joseph J. Walsh W. Garfield Thomas 

Deputy Secretary of Mines Deputy Secy. Bituminous Div. 



V 






HON. JAMES H. DUFF 

Governor Commonwealth of Pennsylvania 



Department of Mines 
April 1, 1950 



To His Excellency, James H. Duff, Governor of Pennsylvania 



Sir: 



In compliance with the Act of April lU, 1903, I submit 
herewith the report of the Department of Mines for the year 
ending December 31, 19U9, covering in detail the operations 
in the Anthracite Region of Pennsylvania. 



Respectfully submitted, 

Richard Maize, 
Secretary of Mines. 




RICHARD MAIZE 

Secretary of Mines 









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Total Production of Coal, & Production from Strippings & Washeries, 
Employes, Fatalities, Etc. 

1870 - 19U9 















Fatal- 














Produc- 


ities 


Number 




Total 


Washery 


Stripping 




tion 


per 


of 




production 


production 


production 


Fatal- 


per 


million 


inspec- 


Tear 


(net tons) 


(net tons)* 


(net tons)* Employes 


ities 


fatality 


tons 


tors 




# 




# 


# 


§ 


# 


# 


1870 


11*, 17 2,001* 




35,600 


211 


67,166 


1U.89 


5 


1871 


15,532,2<2 




37,1*88 


210 


73,963 


13.52 


5 


1872 


15,567,973 




1*1*, 71*5 


223 


69,811 


11*. 32 


5 


1873 


21,001,521 




1*8,199 


261* 


79,551 


12.57 


5 


187U 


19,930, 2i*0 




53,1*02 


231 


86,278 


11.59 


5 


1875 


23,1*02,61*6 




69,966 


238 


98,330 


10.17 


6 


1876 


23,1*1*0,666 




70,1*71* 


228 


102,810 


9.73 


6 


1877 


21*, 7 27, 213 




66,81*2 


19U 


127,1*60 


7.85 


6 


1878 


20,900,966 




63,961* 


187 


111,770 


8.95 


6 


1879 


31,036,600 




68,81*7 


262 


118,1*60 


8.1*1* 


6 


1880 


27,971,532 




73,373 


202 


138,1*88 


7.22 


6 


1881 


31*, 202,558 




76,031 


273 


125,281* 


7.98 


7 


1882 


35,057,1*30 




82,200 


295 


118,839 


8.1*1 


6 


1883 


37,717,369 




91,1*21 


323 


116,865 


8.56 


6 


1881* 


36,1*68,738 




101,073 


332 


109,81*6 


9.10 


6 


1885 


38,232,155 




100,320 


332 


115,157 


8.68 


7 


1886 


38,950,932 




103,01*1* 


279 


139,609 


7.16 


7 


1887 


1*2,156,300 




106,517 


316 


133, 1*06 


7.50 


7 


1888 


1*6, 635,037 




122,218 


361* 


128,118 


7.81 


8 


1889 


1*3, 650, 768 




119,61*6 


397 


109,952 


9.09 


8 


1890 


1*1*,986,286 




119,919 


378 


119,011 


8.1*0 


7 


1891 


1*9,701,322 




123,308 


1*28 


116,125 


8.61 


8 


1892 


51,226,978 




130,300 


1*18 


122,553 


8.16 


8 


1893 


52,81*1,110 


i 


138,069 


1*56 


115,880 


8.63 


8 


1891* 


50,966,920 


386,960 


139,939 


1*1*6 


111*, 276 


8.75 


8 


1895 


56,91*8,756 


686,531* 


11*3,705 


1*21 


135,270 


7.39 


8 


1896 


53,81*3,250 


527,809 


150,088 


502 


107,257 


9.32 


8 


1897 


52,581,036 


732, 71*3 


11*9,557 


1*23 


121*, 305 


8.01* 


8 


1898 


52,812,675 


697,759 


11*2,1*20 


1*11 


128,1*98 


7.78 


8 


1899 


60,518,331 


1,055, 1*26 


ll*0,60l* 


1*61 


131,276 


7.62 


8 


1900 


57,363,396 


1,818,170 


11*3,821* 


1*11 


139,570 


7.16 


8 


1901 


67,091,665 


2,009,861* 


11*7,651 


513 


130,789 


7.65 


8 


1902 


1*1,31*0,93$ 


2,965,792 


11*8,139 


300 


137,803 


7.26 


8 


1903 


75,232,585 


I*, 119, 258 


151,827 


518 


11*5,237 


6.89 


15 


1901* 


73, 591*, 369 


3,1*1*0,1*20 


161,330 


595 


123,688 


8.08 


15 


1905 


78,61*7,020 


3,897,688 


168, 251* 


61*1* 


122,123 


8.19 


15 


1906 


72,139,510 


1*, 880, 1*02 


166,175 


557 


129,5U* 


7.72 


19 


1907 


86,056,1*12 


5,630,169 


168,771* 


708 


121,51*9 


8.23 


20 


1908 


83,51*3,21*3 


1*, 635, 923 


171*, 503 


678 


123,220 


8.12 


20 


1909 


80,223,833 


5,206,562 


171,195 


567 


11*1,1*88 


7.07 


20 


1910 


83,683,991* 


5,1*12,167 


168,175 


601 


139,21a 


7.18 


20 


1911 


90,917,176 


I*, 555, 1*57 


173,338 


699 


130,067 


7.69 


21 


1912 


81*, 1*26, 869 


1*, 317,161 


175,098 


601 


11*0,1*77 


7.12 


21 


1913 


91,626,961* 


2, 931*, 157 


175,310 


621* 


11*6,838 


6.81 


21 


1911* 


91,189,61*1 


2,702,537 


180,899 


600 


151,983 


6.58 


21 


1915 


89,377,706 


3,1*18,1*27 


177,339 


588 


152,003 


6.58 


21 


1916 


87,680,198 


1*, 1*32, 606 


159,169 


565 


155,186 


6.1*1* 


25 


1917 


100,1*1*5,299 


6,1*08,277 


156,11*8 


581 


172,883 


5.78 


25 


1918 


99,1*1*5,791* 


7,21*6,U51* 


11*8,226 


556 


178,859 


5.59 


25 


1919 


87,838,021* 


3,616,675 


153,780 


636 


138,110 


7.21* 


25 


1920 


89,636,036 


5,1*35,697 


11*9,117 


1*90 


182,931 


5.)*7 


25 


1921 


90,358,61*2 


1,81*2,096 


161,926 


51*6 


165, 1*92 


6.01* 


25 


1922 


53,910,201 


2,525,1*02 


159,880 


300 


179,701 


5.56 


25 


1923 


92,653,61*1 


1*, 212,001 


158,761* 


515 


179,910 


5.56 


22 


192U 


87,277,1*1*9 


1,11*1,796 


162,503 


1*96 


175,963 


5.6f 


22 



Total Production of Coal, Production from Strippings & YTasheries, 
Employes, Fatalities, Etc. 

1870 - 19U9 



Year 



1925 
1926 
1927 
1928 
1929 
1930 
1931 
1932 
1933 
1931* 
1935 
1936 
1937 
1938 
1939 
191*0 
191*1 
191*2 
191*3 
191*1* 
191*5 
191*6 
19h7 
191*8 
19U9 



Total Washery Stripping 

production production production 
(net ton3) (net tons)* (net tons)* Empl o yes 



61,33U,1U5 
83,871,500 
79,367,151* 
7^,552,312 
72,985,81*1* 
68,776,559 
59,115,387 
1*9,501,511 
1*9,507,577 
56,798,951 
51,359,111 
51*,261*,0l6 
51,700,296 
1*6,269,511 
51,399,707 
51,526,1*51* 
53,912,177 
57,939,629 
60,511,730 
6U,112,589 
55,901,235 
61,978,710 
58,227,985 
59,108,810 
1*1*,710,118 



89U,187 
1,365,175 
l,8Ul,'4liO 
l,6ll*,863 
878,599 
890,389 
1,1*68,572 
1,062,858 
2,090,996 
1,516,393 
1,876,700 
1,1*11,988 
1,882,026 
2,031,1*32 
2,31*7,269 
2,599,280 
3,689,538 
l*,Ol*5,970 
7,715,860 
10,527,1*81 
9,1*51*, 205 
9,21U,678 
7,076,796 
6,735,688 
l*,823,ll*l* 



3,51*5,91*8 
1*, 308, 811 
l*,l*6l,89l* 
1*, 962,511* 
3,757,678 
5,0ll*,052 
5,080, 31*1* 
5,308,01*9 
6,010, 361i 
7,855,91*5 
9,657,307 
8,688,896 
10,925,619 
10,521,171 
12,912,992 
12,691,382 
13,1*85,837 
11,081,087 



163,625 

168,731* 

167,61*8 

160,721 

153, U2 2 

151,171 

138,1*00 

119,1*80 

102,1*69 

106,251 

ioo,539 

99, 701* 

99,117 

96,998 

93,352 

90,790 

88,81*9 

83,707 

79,369 

78,11*5 

76,265 

80,556 

80,730 

80,390 

79,209 







Fatal- 






Produc- 


ities 


Number 


Fatal- 


• tion 


per 


of 


ities 


per 


million 


inspect- 


ities 


fatality 


tons 


ors 


1*01 


152,953 


6.51* 


18 


h$$ 


181*, 31*0 


5.U2 


18 


1*92 


161,315 


6.20 


25 


1*1*7 


166,781* 


6.00 


25 


1*83 


151,109 


6.62 


25 


uuu 


15U,902 


6.1*6 


25 


381* 


153,91*6 


6.50 


25 


21*3 


203,710 


U.91 


21 


232 


213,395 


l*.69 


21 


260 


218,!*58 


U.58 


19 


267 


192,356 


5.20 


17 


21*1 


225,162 


U.'i* 


16 


212 


21*3,869 


l*.lo 


22 


223 


207,1*87 


1*.82 


20 


210 


21*1*, 761 


U.09 


21* 


182 


283,112 


3.53 


23 


189 


285,1*08 


3.50 


22 


225 


257,509 


3.88 


22 


218 


277,577 


3.60 


23 


171 


37!*,927 


2.67 


21* 


137 


1*08,038 


2.U5 


23 


169 


366,738 


2.73 


21* 


165 


352,897 


2.83 


21* 


131 


1*51,212 


2.22 


26 


92 


1*85,980 


2.06 


26 



* Included in total production 

# No accurate record previous to 1870 
$ No accurate record previous to I89I* 
% No accurate record previous to 1932 



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63 



Operators Producing 10,000 or Wore Tons, 
In Order of Their Production 
19U9 



Operator 


Production 


Glen Alden Coal Co. 


5,870,609 


Riiladelphia 5: Reading 




Coal & Iron Co. 


5,292,808 


Lehigh Navigation Ccal Co. 


3,'42U,382 


Hudson Coal Co. 


3,366,391 


Lehigh Valley Coal Co. 


2,296,908 


Susquehanna Collieries Liv. 




F. A. Hanna Co. 


1,981,552 


Stevens Coal Co. 


*1, 779,900 


Moffat Coal Co. 


1,503.859 


Jeddo-Hi ghland Coal Co. 


798,371 


Locust Coal Co. 


605, 89U 


Pennsylvania Coal Co, 


595,085 


Kehoe-Berge Coal Co. 


571,597 


St. Clair Coal Co. 


5U6,963 


Number Nine Coal Co. 


U7U,68U 


Raven Run Coal Co. 


U6o,675 


Hammond Coal Co. 


375, U97 


Knox Coal Co. 


355,303 


Jermyn-Green Coal Co. 


338,891 


Repplier Coal Co. 


308, U89 


Haddock Fining Co. 


297,066 


Huss Contracting Co. 


291,530 


Hazle Brook Coal Co. 


287,978 


Phoenix Contracting Co. 


273, 22U 


Fountain Top Coal Co. 


270,936 


Northwest Coal Co. 


263,608 


Buck Run Colliery Co. 


255, U76 


Payne Coal Co. 


2U2,990 


Phoenix Coal Co. 


238,562 


Harry E. Coal Co. 


235,236 


Indian Head Coal Co. 


231,882 


Natalie Coal Corp. 


205, 2U1 


DeAngelis Coal Co. 


191,319 


Centralia Mining Co. 


190,606 


Lattimer Coal Corp. 


186,633 


Jonathan Coal Fining Co. 


180,830 


Anthracite Enterprises, Inc. 


175,758 


Steam Coals, Inc. 


170, 5UU 


John Booth, Inc. 


168,586 


Locust Valley Coal Co. 


167,805 


Gateway Coal Co. 


167,);57 


Alpec Coal Co. 


I66,)i22 


Fammoth Coal Co. 


155,138 


Hydrotated Anth. Fuel Co. 


15^,021 


Markson Coal Co. 


152,908 


T. F. Steele Coal Co. 


151, U30 


Reading Briquet Co. 


150,788 


Colitz Coal Co. 


1U9,U58 


Bellevue Coal Co. 


1U6,709 


M. 4 S. Coal Co. 


1U2,255 


Faksymik & Co. 


139, U33 


Cull en Coal Co. 


136,839 


Carbonizing Coal Co. 


135,223 


Morris Ridge Coal Co. 


131, U89 


Gilberton Coal Co. 


118,615 


Heidelberg Coal Co. 


116, U2U 


Plains-Hilldale Coal Co. 


115,973 


Pompey Coal Co. 


115,660 


Swatara Coal Co. 


111.70U 


Rhonda Coal Co. 


110,185 


Nay Aug Coal Co. 


107, U62 


Kohinoor Coal Co. 


102,008 


Capparell Contracting Co. 


100,861 



Operator 



Beadle & Rick 100,116 

Pine Ridge Fining Co. 93,118 

Adelphi Coal Fining Co. 91,963 

Duryea Anthracite Co. 89,53k 
Lackawanna Fining 8c 

Construction Co. 86,298 

Forea Fining Co. 83,310 

Branchdale Coal Co. 83,305 

Peca Coal Co. 83,053 

T. 4 T. Construction Co. 81,635 

Pioneer Construction Co. 80,08k 

Capone Coal Co. 79,957 

Jos. Banks Construe. Co. 79,819 

Gasparini StripDing Co. 79,558 

Live Oak Coal Co. 79,5)48 

Sussex Coal Co. 77,637 

Timothy Burke, Inc. 76,U07 

J. E. Schumacher & Son 75,817 

Eagle Hill Coal Co. 75,816 
Luzerne County Gas Sc Elec. 7k, 012 

Greenwood Fining Co. 73,601 

Cranberry Fining Co. 70,908 

Village Slope Coal Co. 68,600 

Rhoads Contracting Co. 68,058 

Valley View Coal Co. 67,708 

Atkins Coal Co. 67,k57 

Russell Coal Co. 67,019 

Hoover Coal Fining Co. 65,152 

Faltby Coal Co. 65,077 

Trader Horn Coal Co. 63,897 

Conlon Coal Co. 63,k21 
Sandy Run Miners & Prod's. 62,8kO 

Perry Construction Co. 60,787 

Alden Coal Co, 58,709 

Fisher Coal Co. 58,266 

Joliett Coal Co. 58,2k5 

Kingston Mining Corp. 57,936 

Turnpike Coal Co. 55,272 

J. B\ Keiser 2c Son 5k, 818 

Gillizzi Coal Co. 53,993 

Rosini Bros. 52,9k2 

D. & Z. Coal Co. 52,835 

Courtdale Coal Co. 52,1*70 

Nanticoke Excavating Co. 5l,2k6 

Broad Fountain Fuel Corp. 50,150 

Chas. L. Reilly k9,669 

Williams Stripping Co. k7,267 

Coal Rain Coal Co. U6,597 

Seltzer Coal Co. k5,200 

Tolerico Stripping Co. lUi,lh2 

DLminick Coal Sales Co. U2,li39 

Franklin Coal Mining Co. Ul,753 

Sarf Coal Co. Ul,U47 

Gowen Coal Co. UO,922 

Penna Coal Co. 1*0,170 

Motley Coal Co. 39,786 

Harris & Walsh 39,168 

West Exeter Coal Co. 38,671 

Pringle Coal Co. 38,03k 

Dial Rock Coal Co. 37,362 

Exchange Coal Co. 37,000 

Lower Region Coal Co. 36,700 

Hinchey & McGinley 36,638 

Waddell Coal Co. 36,096 



64 



Operators Producing 10,000 or More Tons, 
In Order of Their Production 
19U9 



Operator 


Production 


Operator 


Production 


Salem Hill Coal Co. 


35,282 


Gravine Coal Co. 


1U,662 


West Slope Coal Corp. 


3li,69U 


Meadows ide Coal Co. 


LU,575 


Jonathan Coal Co. 


33,662 


Butter Tub Coal Co. 


D;,320 


LteCarrick Bros. 


33,62U 


Sanchez Construction Co. 


m,232 


Gillen Coal Co. 


33,255 


Genelow Coal Co. 


LU,022 


Foieri & Louis 


32,820 


Silverton Coal Co. 


13,851 


Swift Coal Co. 


31,937 


Altamont Coal Co. 


13, Ikh 


P. & J. Coal Co. 


31,887 


Stauffer Coal Co. 


13,700 


Pioneer City Coal Co. 


30,731 


Ewonczyk Coal Co. 


13,675 


Simpson Coal Co. 


30,085 


A. & F. Coal Co. 


13,5Wi 


Logan Creek Construe' n. 


Co. 29,818 


Hamilton Construction Co. 


13,505 


Haven Coal & Supply Co. 


29,760 


Larks ville Coal Co. 


13,U21 


Monitor Co., Inc. 


29,52U 


Zimmerman Coal Co. 


13,301 


Dancott Coal Co. 


28,76U 


High Test Coal Co. 


13,12U 


Bird Mining Co. 


28,U82 


M. Sr M. Coal Co. 


13,0U9 


Farley & Laychack 


27,9UO 


Reuben Hentz 


12,95U 


L. K. Coal Co. 


27,757 


C. Q. 4 W. Coal Co. 


12,8Ul 


Winton Coal Co. 


27,600 


Vispi Coal Co. 


12, 6W* 


Panzitta Coal Co. 


27,152 


Herb & Reed 


12,639 


Stanley Coal Co., Inc. 


26,895 


B. & W. Coal Co. 


12,581 


Ploskonka Coal Co. 


26,05U 


Renninger Coal Co. 


12,lb7 


Norvidas & Palko 


25,731 


Darkwater Coal Co. 


12,000 


Tamaqua Coal Pockets 


25,5U6 


Goodspring Contracting Co. 


11,661$ 


Florine Coal Co. 


25,302 


Mascelli Coal Co. 


11,655 


Oak Coal Yard 


25,250 


Keyser Valley Coal Co. 


11,619 


Beaver Brook Coal Co. 


2U,6U5 


Ace Coal Co. 


11,170 


West Side Coal Co. 


2U,639 


Guiducci Coal Co. 


11,0U9 


Beckville Coal Co. 


2U,000 


Harbon Coal & Contracting Co. 


11,029 


C. M. Otto & Son 


23,973 


Marlin Lehman 


10,885 


Jos. P. Dando, Sr. 


23,91k 


Lawrence Shade 


10,876 


Little & Shecora 


23,727 


Klimas Bros. 


10,583 


Deirees Bros. 


23,695 


Dantas, Alfred 


10,U82 


Bernice White Ash C.Co. 


23,585 


Throop Mining Co. 


10,U56 


Columbia Coal Co. 


23,387 


Schuster Coal Co. 


10,261 


K. & D. Coal Co. 


23,2U1 


Hepler & Otto 


10,209 


Penag Coal Co. 


22,909 


Sproul Construction Co. 


10,137 


Reidinger Coal Service 


22,861 






McHale & Santor 


22,750 






Indian Run Coal Co. 


22,000 






Snyder Coal Co. 


21,780 






Jonathan Coal Co. 


21,763 






Francis Deaven 


21,U59 






Gaylord Coal Co. 


21,212 






Bridy, Inc. 


20,000 






Eddie & Joe Coal Co. 


19,726 






Skytop Coal Co. 


19,719 






Sunshine Coal Co. 


19,557 






Schneck Coal Co. 


19,398 






Jones Coal Corp. 


19,205 






Tarrone Coal Co. 


19,13h 






Sobleskie Coal Co. 


18,608 






Gravity Coal Co. 


18,U30 






Boslego Coal Co. 


18,028 






Hillside Coal Co. 


16,000 






Lohb Coal Co. 


17,819 






Masters Coal Co. 


17,802 


♦Preparation only 




Jnnkins Coal Co. 


17,659 






r-ianforcoro Coal Co. 


17,610 






Mazzoni Coal Co. 


16,209 






Elmer Wertz 


15,666 






Sweeney Bros. 


15,U5U 






Gildea Coal Co. 


15,229 






Rizzardl Coal Co., Inc. 


15,200 






Level Coal Co. 


15,057 






Mine Hill Coal Co. 


15,010 







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75 



Accidents in Which Five or More Persons Were Killed, 18U7 - 19U9 









Location 


Number 


Year 


Date 


Colliery 


of colliery 


Cause of accident killed 


18U7 


Feb. 


Spencer 


Potts ville 


Explosion of gas 


7 


1869 


Sept. 6 


Avondale 


Plymouth 


Mine fire 


110 


1870 


Mar. 22 


Potts 


Locust Dale 


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5 




Aug. 10 


Heins & Glassmire 


Middleport 


Cage fell down shaft 


9 




Aug. 29 


Preston #3 


Girardville 


Car fell down slope 


7 


1871 


May 27 


West Pittston 


West Pittston 


Suffocated by smoke from 
burning breaker 


20 




Oct. 2 


Otto Red Ash 


Branch Dale 


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5 


1873 


June 10 


Henry Clay 


Shamokin 


M MM 


10 


1877 


May 9 


Wades ville 


Wades ville 


« n n 


7 


1878 


Jan. 15 


Potts 


Locust Dale 


M tt It 


5 


1879 


May 6 


Audenried 


Audenried 


ft MM 


6 




Nov. 2 


Mill Creek 


Mill Creek 


M MM 


5 


1880 


May 3 


Lykens Valley 


Shamokin 


H MM 


5 


1882 


May 2U 


Kohinoor 


Shenandoah 


M MM 


5 


188U 


Aug. 21 


Buck Ridge 


Shamokin 


Mine fire 


7 


1885 


Apr. 6 


Cuyler 


Raven Run 


Fall of roof 


10 




Aug. 11 


West End 


Mocanaqua 


Suffocated by gas from 
boiler fire 


10 




Oct. 21 


Plymoutn #2 


Plymouth 


Explosion of gas 


6 




Dec. 18 


Nanticoke #L 


Nanticoke 


Inrush of quicksand 


26 


1886 


Aug. 30 


Fair Lawn 


Scranton 


Explosion of gas 


6 




Sept. 13 


Marvine 


Scranton 


Suffocated by gas 


8 




Nov. 26 


Conyngham 


Wilkes-Barre 


Explosion of gas 


12 


1887 


Apr. 27 


Tunnel 


Ashland 


Suffocated by gas 


5 




Oct. 1 


Bast 


Big Mine Run 


Explosion of gas 


5 


1889 


May 9 


Kaska, William 


Middleport 


Car fell on cage in shaft 


10 


1890 


Feb. 1 


Nottingham 


Plymouth 


Explosion of gas 


8 




Mar. 3 


S.Wilkes-Barre #3 


Wilkes-Barre 


H MM 


8 




Apr. 2 


Susquehanna #k 


Nanticoke 


M M N 


s 




May 15 


Jersey #8 


Ashley 


M MM 


26 


1891 


Feb. k 


Spring Mtn. #1 


Jeanes ville 


Drowned - water from old 
workings 


13 




Oct. 23 


Richardson 


Glen Carbon 


Suffocated by gas 


7 




Nov. 8 


Susquehanna #1 


Nanticoke 


Explosion of gas 


12 


1892 


Apr. 20 


Lytle 


Minersville 


Drowned - water from old 
workings 


10 




July 23 


York Farm 


Potts ville 


Explosion of gas 


15 


1893 


Apr. 1 


Neilson 


Shamokin 


Mine fire 


10 




June 22 


Susquehanna #1 


Nanticoke 


Explosion of gas 


5 




Sept. 21 


Lance #11 


Plymouth 


M N rt 


6 


189U 


Feb. 13 


Gayiord 


Plymouth 


Fall of roof 


13 




July 17 


East Sugar Loaf 


Stockton 


Explosion of powder & 
dynamite 


8 




Oct. 8 


Luke Fidler 


Shamokin 


Mine fire 


5 




Oct. 11 


Henry Clay 


Shamokin 


Boiler explosion 


6 


1895 


Feb. 16 


West Bear Ridge 


Mahanoy Plane 


Explosion of gas 


5 




Oct. 7 


Dorrance 


Wilkes-Barre 


M MM 


7 


I896 


June 28 


Twin 


Pittston 


Fall of roof 


58 




Oct. 29 


S.Wilkes-Barre B 


Wilkes-Barre 


Explosion of gas 


6 


1897 


Jan. 13 


Wades ville 


Wades ville 


Crosshead fell down shaft 


5 




Sept. 28 


Jermyn #1 


Rendham 


Mine fire 


5 




Oct. 30 


Von Storch 


Scranton 


Mine fire 


6 


1898 


May 26 


Kaska, William 


Middleport 


Drowned - water from old 
workings 


6 




Oct. 1 


Midvale 


Wilkes-Barre 


Mine fire 


5 




Nov. 5 


Exeter 


West Pittston 


Car fell on cage in shaft 


9 


1900 


Nov. 9 


Buck Mountain 


Mahanoy City 


Explosion of gas 


7 


1901 


Oct. 25 


Buttonwood 


Plymouth 


M M M 


6 


1902 


Nov. 29 


Luke Fidler 


Shamokin 


M MM 


7 




Dec. 9 


S. Wilkes-Barre 


Wilkes-Barre 


Explosion, powder & dynamiti 


e 5 


190U 


Jan. 30 


Maple Hill 


Mahanoy City 


H n n n 


5 




May 5 


Lance 


Plymouth 


N N H H 


5 




May 5 


Locust Gap 


Locust Gap 


Mine fire 


5 



76 



Accidents in Which Five or More Persons Were Killed, l8ii? - 19U9 









Location 




Number 


Year 


Tate 


Colliery 


of colliery 


Cause of ace: 


dent killed 


190U 


May 25 


Williamstown 


Williamstown 


Suffocated by gas from 












mine loconot 


ive 


10 




Bov. 2 


Auchincloss 


Nanticoke 


Falling down 


shaft 




1905 


Feb. 18 


Lytle 


Miners ville 


Fall of roof 




5 




Mar. 9 


Clear Spring 


West Pittston 


Fall in r down 


shaft 


7 




Aor. 26 


Ccnyngham 


Wilkes-Barre 


" " 


" 


10 


1906 


May 15 


Shenandoah City 


Shenandoah 


Explosion of 


powder & dynamite 


7 




Aug. 6 


Susquehanna #1 


Nanticoke 


Explosion of 


gas 


6 


1907 


Mar. 2 


Holden 


Taylor 


" " 


" 


7 


1906 


June 18 


Johnson #1 


Priceburg 


" " 


" 


7 




Mav 12 


Llount Lookout 


Wyoming 


" " 


" 


12 




Kay 13 


Prospect 


Midvale 


Fall of roof 




5 




July 15 


"Williamstown 


Williamstown 


Explosion of 


powder & dynamite 


6 




Aug. 28 


rarrior Run 


Wilkes-Barre 


Mine cars 




6 


1909 


Mar. 2 


Pennsylvania #lh 


Pittston 


explosion of 


gas 


B 




Nov. 9 


Auchincloss 


Nanticoke 


Mine fire 




9 


1910 


Jan. 11 


Nottingham 


Plymouth 


Explosion of 


eas 


7 




Mar. 12 


S. Wilkes-Barre #5 


Wilkes-Barre 


r n 


" 


7 


1911 


Apr. 7 


Pancoast 


Throop 


Mine fire 




72 




Hay 27 


Cameron 


Shamokin 


Explosion of 


gas 


5 




Sept. 12 


Mar vine 


Scranton 


Mine cars 




5 




Oct. 3 


Drifton #2 


Fre eland 


Cave-in 




5 


1912 


Jan. 9 


Parrish 


Plymouth 


Explosion of 


gas 


6 


1913 


Aug. 2 


East Prookside 


Tovrer City 


" " 


" 


20 


191U 


Kay 29 


Karyd 


Maryd 


Overwinding- of cage 


6 




Sept. 16 


Lehigh #U 


Lansford 


Explosion of 


ras 


7 




Dec. 9 


Diamond 


Scranton 


Falling Town 


shaft 


13 


1915 


Feb. 17 


Prospect 


Wilkes-Barre 


Explosion of 


gas 


15 


191 


Feb. 8 


Lance #11 


Plynouth 


11 n 


" 


7 




Mar. 9 


Hollenback #2 


Wilkes-Barre 


■1 n 


" 


f. 




. Aug. 8 


r .'oodward 


Edwards ville 


ti 11 


n 


6 


1919 


June 5 


Baltimore #5, 














(Baltimore Tunnel) 


Wilkes-Barre 


Explosion, powder h dynamite 


?2 




July 8 


Lansford 


Lansford 


Explosion of 


gas 


5 


1921 


Mar. 9 


Bahn 


Seek 


ti n 


" 


5 


1922 


Nov. 3 


Eddy Creek 


Scranton 


Premature blast 


6 


1923 


Feb. 21 


Alliance 


Kiddleport 


Explosion of 


gas 


5 




Jane 26 


Richards 


Mount Carrael 


11 11 


» 


5 




Dec. 8 


Mount Jessup #2 


Jessup 


Fall of roof 




5 


192U 


June 6 


Loomis 


Nanticoke 


Explosion of 


pas 


Hi 


1925 


L!ay 22 


Woodward 


Edwards ville 


ti TI 


» 


7 




Aug. 3 


Dorrance 


Wilkes-Barre 


II It 


n 


10 


1926 


Kay 6 


Randolph 


Port Carbon 


It .1 


■ 


5 




July 3 


Pettebone 


Kingston 


II II 


n 


7 




Oct. 30 


Susquehanna 4l 


Nanticoke 


It II 


" 


9 


1927 


Kay 26 


Woodward 


Edwards ville 


Fall of roof, 
explosion of 


followed by 
ras 


7 


1928 


May 25 


Baltimore #5 


Wilkes-Barre 


Explosion of 


pas 


10 


1930 


Aug. 8 


'"iiloerton 


Oilberton 


Fall of roof 




e 


1931 


Kay 29 


Richards 


Mt. Carmel 


Explosion of 


pas 


5 


1935 


Jan. 21 


Oilberton 


Gilberton 


n 11 


" 


13 




May 7 


S. Wilkes-Barre 


Wilkes-Barre 


Piece of rock 


fell down 












shaft, struck cage 


7 


1936 


Auf. 2h, 


Clear Spring 


West Pittston 


Explosion of 


pas 


5 


1938 


Apr. 27 


St. Clair 


St. Clair 


11 it 




8 




June 2 


Volpe 


Pittston Twp. 


•1 ti 


-t 


10 


19U3 


Sept. 2I4 


Primrose 


Miner 1 ville 


11 11 


11 


111 


19U7 


Jan. 15 


Nottingham 


Wilkes-Barre 


11 .t 


H 


15 




Apr. 10 


Schooley 


Exeter Boro. 


11 11 


" 


10 




Dec. 11 


Franklin 


Wilkes-Barre Twp. " " 


" 


8 



77 



Stripping Report, By Operator, \9k9 



Dist- 




Stripping 


Days 


Empl- 


rict 


Operator 6 Stripping 


production 


worked 


oyes 


ll* 


Alden Coal Co. 


11,592 


105 


21* 


26 


Alpec Coal Co. 


97,868 


228 


73 


21 


Jos. Banks Construction Co. 


800 


10 


12 


25 


n tt 


78,939 


206 


30 




Total for Co. 


79,739 




1*2 


16 


F'eaver Brook Coal Co. 


16,876 


111 


10 


1 


John Booth, Inc. 


168,586 


239 


70 


1 


Botscheller Coal Co. 


6,877 


85 


8 


19 


Brenier & Blew 


2,81*0 


32 


6 


21* 


Sridy, Inc . 


• 20,000 


130 


2b 


16 


^roaJ Mountain Fuel Corp. 


50,150 


251 


27 


27 


Buck Run Colliery Co. 
Timothy Burke, Inc. 


116,799 


11*5 


96 


1 


Stripping 


1*7, 616 


293 


59 


2 


■ 


28,789 


21*1* 


18 




Total for Co. 
Butler ot ripping Co. 


76,1*07 




77 


2 


3,655 


83 


7 


10 


Caoone Coal Co. 


22,61^9 


* 


* 


19 


Capparell Contracting Co. 


100,861 


207 


79 


12 


Carey, Baxter & Kennedy 


# 


231* 


60 


2 


C. B. M. Coal Co. 


8,058 


11*6 


13 


22 


Centralia Mining Co, 


62,793 


177 


17 


19 


Coal Rain Coal Co. 


16,305 


81 


12 


19 


Colitz Coal Co. 


137,358 


225 


61* 


22 


Columbia Coal Co. 


1*,022 


* 


■a- 


10 


Conlon Coal Co. 


13,02), 


* 


# 


27 


lanrio, Jos. P., Sr. 


7,168 


57 


15 


1 


Ee^ngelis Coal Co. 


98,1*73 


« 


ft 


6 


DeRoraa Coal Co. 


3,992 


110 


7 


1-12 


Dewees Bros, 


23,695 


263 


1*7 


111 


Duryea Anthracite Co. 


U2,013 


207 


22 


19 


Eagle Kill Coal Co. 


75,816 


167 


25 


18 


Fairclougfr Mining Corp. 


2,377 


1*3 


8 


10 


Franklin Coal Mining Co. 


18,976 


« 


ft 


6 


Fritz Bros. 


572 


61 


1* 


25 


Fronk, George 
Gasparini Stripping Co. 


3,732 


135 


5 


l 


Stripping 


2,096 


11 


6 


2 


« 


732 


12 


li 


3 


» 


1*2,703 


29li 


35 


26 


Total for Co. 


76,730 


215 


61* 




122,261 




109 


1 


Gateway Coal Co. 


87,U2L 


* 


* 


1 


Gianforcoro Coal Co. 


l,33li 


« 


•»■ 


20 


Gilberton Coal Co. 


2h,002 


190 


66 


6 


Gillizzi Coal Co. 
Glen Alden Coal Co. 


53,993 


216 


13 


7 


Nanticoke Ex. Stripping 


12,812 


206 


55 


7 


Newport " " 


193,633 


210 


95 


U 


Qnpire " 


13,300 


250 


30 


11 


Kidder " 


32,593 


117 


15 


13 


A. E. Dick ■ 


121,21.6 


261 


90 


13 


Kinpston ex. " 


90,229 


271 


35 


111 


Wananie ■ 


206,117 


269 


52 


16 


Audenried 


132,921 


251 


91 




Total for Co. 


305,021 




1*63 


25 


Goodspring Contracting Co. 


11,661* 


78 


10 


15 


Gowen Coal Co. 


28,635 


200 


23 


5-io 


Greenwood Mining Co. 
Haddock ilining Co. 


9,700 


51* 


6 


15 


Deri n per 


25,621 


186 


1*2 


15 


Torahicken 


1*2,2314 


136 


23 


IB 


Beaver Meadow 


30,561 


185 


85 




98,U66 




150 



78 



Stripping Report, By Operator, 19U9 



Dist- 




Stripping 


Tays 


Empl- 


rict 


Operator & Stripping 


production 


wo rked 


oyes 


21 


Hamilton Construction Co. 


13,505 


79 


21 


22 


Hammond Coal Co. 


120,01*8 


200 


76 


16 


Harbon Coal & Contracting Co. 


11,029 


78 


23 


6 


Harris & Walsh 


29,263 


83 


20 


9 


Harry E. Coal Co. 


12,519 


97 


20 


22 


Hazle Rrook Coal Co. 


98,708 




97 


6 


Heidelberg Coal Co. 


22,326 


2U6 


10 


25 


Hinchey & McOinley 


36,638 


290 


28 


21 


Hoffman Pros. 
Hudson Coal Co. 


1,150 


38 


15 


10 


Delaware Stripping 


16,21*6 


* 


* 


10 


Pine Ridpe " 


18,296 


* 


# 


10 


Laflin *' 


17,879 


* 


* 


11 


Baltimore " 


31,552 


250 


29 


12 


Loree " 

Total for Co. 
Huss Contractin? Co. 


136,521 


* 


* 




220,1*91* 




29 










19 


Stripping 


193, h$0 


191 


62 


25 


" 


98,0c0 


193 


U3 




Total for Co. 
Hydrotated Anth. Fuel Co. 


291,530 




125 


15 


9,961 


h3 


26 


27 


Indian Head Coal Co. 


18,639 


96 


35 


15 


Jeddo-Highland Ccal Co. 


393,225 


256 


206 


8 


Jeriiyn-Creen Coal Co. 


3,206 


82 


8 


26 


Jones Coal Corp. 


19,205 


126 


36 


5 


Kehoe-^erge Coal Co. 


UU,986 


211 


h$ 


26 


Kelly Construction Co. 


600 


31 


6 


20 


Kohinoor Coal Co. 


27,828 


1U2 


63 


1? 


Kurchock Contracting Co. 


2,U00 


37 


12 


5 


Lackawanna Mining ?c Construction 


Co. 86,298 


266 


111 


16 


Lattimer Coal Corp. 


92,276 


193 


60 


21 


L. & C. Coal Co. 

Lehiph Navigation Coal Co. 


2,558 


23 


12 


17 


Coaldale Stripping 


309,867 


189 


1),6 


17 


Tamaqua " 


296,702 


185 


385 


18 


Lansford " 


1*1*5.91*0 


187 


297 




Total for Co. 


1,052,509 




823 




Lehigh Valley Coal Co. 








9 


V.'estmor eland Stripping 


15,1*27 


283 


7 


16 


Black Ridge " 


30,800 


231 


18 


16 


Cranberry " 


9U,96U 


221 


55 


18 


Hazleton Shaft " 


72,139 


235 


67 




Total for Co. 


213,330 




11*7 


6 


L. K. Coal Co. 


27, ?5? 


11? 


16 


20 


Locust Coal Co. 


191,790 


198 


11*8 


23 


Lopan Creek Construction Co. 


29,8U8 


I6h 


21 


19 


Lohb Coal Co. 


2,207 


31 


18 


22 


Lombardo Coal Co. 


6,711 


177 


7 


15 


Lorabardo 'j. Puglia 


3,963 


125 


7 


6 


Lynott Coal Co. 


819 


12 


11 


22 


Mammoth Coal Co. 


155,138 


* 


# 


25 


Markson Coal Co. 


22,937 


# 


* 


1 


Masters Coal Co. 


17,802 


1U5 


19 


27 


KcCarrick Pros. 


33,6214 


131j 


28 


2 


McConnell Stripping Co. 


2,009 


70 


7 


21 


McHale & Santor' 


22,750 


61 


15 


3 


Meadowside Coal Co. 


ll*,l*33 


11*8 


12 


2 


Mid-Valley Anthracite Co. 


3,0«U 


21* 


5 


1 


M. '/ M. Coal Co. 
Moffat Coal Co. 


12,OC5 


* 


* 


3 


Rockwell Stripping 


368 


h 


3 


3 


Storrs " 


5U,597 


207 


21 


5 


Pyne " 


51,356 


207 


16 


5 


National ■ 


7,225 


262 


6 


5 


Taylor n 


U,066 


65 


12 



79 



Stripping Report, By Operator, 191*9 



Dist- 




Stripping 


Days 


Snpl- 


rict 


Operator & Stripping 


production 


worked 


oyes 




Moffat Coal Co. total 


117,612 




58 


2 


Moosic Mountain Coal Co. 


U,UU6 


86 


6 


26 


Morea Mining Co. 


68,.ijJU9 


205 


63 


21 


Morgan, Irvin 


5,686 


100 


12 


22 


Morris Ridge Coal Co. 


131, 1*89 


217 


111* 


1 


Motley Coal Co. 


16,750 


* 


* 


19 


Mountain Top Coal Co. 


265,056 


212 


11*8 


19 


Musolino Contracting Co. 


I*, 810 


1*9 


11 


7 


Nanticoke Excavating Co. 


5l,2U6 


250 


91* 


23 


Natalie Coal Corp. 


113,207 


222 


153 


26 


Noakes, Jeff 


6,502 


79 


13 


1 


Northwest Coal Co. 


31,271* 


•* 


# 


6 


Number Nine Coal Co. 


38,758 


265 


21 


16 


Payne Coal Co. 


110,872 


238 


73 


2 


Perry Construction Co. 


59,S1*1 


256 


15 


6 


Petrillo Coal Co. 

Phila. St Reading Coal & Iron Co. 


8,788 


121* 


U 


19 


Oak Hill Stripping 


780,532 


218 


612 


20 


Shenandoah " 


1*09,91*1* 


202 


1*1*1* 


22 


Bast ■ 


1U7,361 


179 


75 


22 


Potts ■ 


203,1*76 


175 


81* 


23 


Locust Gap n 


29,923 


92 


71 


23 


Monitor n 


208,957 


203 


211* 


21* 


Hepburn " 


88,721* 


151 


39 


21* 


Bear Valley " 


107,319 


176 


65 


26 


Kni ckerbocker n 


173,01*0 


221* 


1>*.6 




Total for Co. 


2,11+9,276 




1750 


1 


Pioneer City Coal Co. 


lu;cih 


# 


* 


8 


Plains-Hilldale Coal Co. 


3ii,056 


206 


17 


3 


P. & M. Coal Co. 


3,779 


79 


8 


2 


Popple & Scatina 


2,915 


81 


6 


25 


Potts, Allen 


1,1*87 


25 


5 


5 


Quinn & 'Valsh 


1,657 


1*3 


5 


22 


Raven Run Coal Co. 


98,189 


207 


69 


19 


Repplier Coal Co. 


18U,161 


171 


61* 


26 


Rhoads Contracting Co. 


6,669 


61* 


28 


2i» 


Rosini Bros. 


52,9U2 


# 


* 


23-25 


Sanchez Construction Co. 


20,571* 


105 


38 


15 


Sandy Run Miners & Producers 


62,81+0 


21*1* 


1*2 


25-27 


Scheib & Leitzel 


9,069 


121 


11* 


25 


Schumacher, J. E., & Son 


75,817 


171* 


35 


25-27 


Shade, John 


3,267 


1*5 


11 


1 


Simpson Coal Co. 


ll+,0l+2 


* 


■* 


1 


Slenska Bros. 


7,1*1*6 


172 


5 


Hi 


Stackhouse Coal Co. 


127 


1*9 


1* 


19 


St. Clair Coal Co. 


188,1*96 


196 


76 


2)4 


Steam Coals, Inc. 


57,1*32 


175 


S9 


16 


Steele, T. F., Coal Co. 


58,582 


123 


53 


21| 


Stevens Coal Co. 


382,687 


171 


173 


25 


Stiely, Yfellington 


6,350 


207 


1* 


2U 


Sunshine Coal Co. 


3,200 


-H- 


■M- 


1 


Surace, F. L. 

Susquehanna Collieries Div. 

M. A. Hanna Co. 


1*,396 


* 


* 


11* 


No. 7 Stripping 


71,962 


196 


31* 


111 


Glen Lyon n 


79,106 


195 


30 


Hi 


Alden " 


6,351 


108 


* 


22 


Logan " 


11.6, 051* 


191 


65 


23 


Burke LicGrath " 


9,171* 


163 


H 


23 


Capitol •• 


23,027 


69 


26 


23 


Martinez-Bridy" 


7,769 


1*9 


21 


23 


Perm Rich " 


11,638 


61 


27 


23 


United Constr." 


19,958 


101* 


16 


2l» 


Bear Valley " 


7,102 


39 


21 



Stripping Report, By Operator, 19U9 



Dist- 




Stripping 


Days 


Empl- 


rict 


Operator & Stripping 


production 


worked 


oyes 




Susquehanna Collieries Div. 










M. A. Hanna, Contd. 








2k 


Zerbe Stripping 


5,816 


36 


17 


2h 


Scott 1-2 ■ 


9,73U 


57 


31 




Total for Co. 


397,693 




305 


2-6 


Sweeney Bros. 


16,110 


208 


13 


6 


Talamelli Coal Co. 


1,31*1 


33 


6 


19 


Tamaqua Coal Pockets 


25,5U6 


* 


-* 


22 


Tarrone Coal Co. 


19,131* 


25U 


9 


3 


Thro op Mining Co. 


2,393 


38 


12 


1 


Tolerico Stripping Co. 


l*l*,ll*2 


282 


28 


16 


Trader Horn Coal Co. 


63,866 


227 


35 


3 


Turnpike Coal Co. 


20,390 


198 


23 


27 


Valent, Anthony 


1,800 


51 


5 


27 


Valley Construction Co. 


5h0 


111 


ii 


6 


Vigoline Coal Co. 


2,123 


92 


6 


2 


Vispi Coal Co. 


6,238 


* 


* 


1 


Waddell Coal Co. 


8,560 


•«■ 


-a- 


21 


"Williams Stripping Co. 


17,267 


132 


83 


19 


Linton Coal Co. 


25,175 


198 


17 


22 


Zimmerman Coal Co. 

Region total 


13,301 


190 


12 




11,081,087 




7765 



* Not segregated from mine and breaker employes and days, therefore, not an 

accurate record. 

# Included in Hudson Coal Co. stripping production 



For names and addresses of stripping operators, see list of all operators, 

general managers and their mailing addresses, elsewhere in the report. 



Compiled, typed: Ber 



81 



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85 



FATALITIES PER MILLION MAN-HOURS, BT 
MONTHS, FOR THE YEARS 194S AND 1949. 



1242 19A3 

January • O.SO , , , 1.39 

February 0.99 0.80 

March 0.84 0.91 

April 0.90 . 0.68 

May 1.00 0.61 

June 0.54 0.58 

July 0.22 1.10 

August 0.66 1.07 

September 0.51 0.78 

October 0.83 0.58 

November 1.00 0.91 

December 1.02 0.56 

YEA 1 " 0.80 0.85 



86 



Anthracite Operators, General Managers, Hailing Addresses 



Dist- 




General 




rict 


Operator 


L'anager 


Address 


19 


A. & A. Coal Co. 


Henry Altmiiler 


Valley View, Pa. 


2 


Ace Coal Co. 


Enrico Bevilacqua 


Blakeley, Pa. 


21 


Adelphi Coal fining Co. 


A. Zifferblatt, Girard Trust Bldg., Philadelphia, ! 


6 


Adelphia Coal Co. 


Hopkins Morgan, 115 Church St. 


Hazleton, Pa. 


1 


A. *■ P. Coal Co. 


Rinaldo Alberigi 


Jessup, Pa. 


2 


A. F. k L. Coal Co. 


Angelo Falzone 


Pittstcn, Pa, 


2? 


Alarcon, Frank 


Frank Alarcon 


Keiser, Pa. 


2 


#Albanese Coal Co. 


Angelo Albanese 


Dunmore, Pa. 


1-3 


Alberigi Coal Co. 


Rinaldo Alberigi 


Jessup, Pa. 


11 


# Alden Coal Co. 


John C. Haddock 


T.'ilkes-Barre, ?a. 


26 


Alpec Coal Co. 


Albert Peca 


Mahanoy City, Pa. 


20 


Altamont Coal Co. 


Ralph Tanasrlia 


Frackville, Pa. 


37 


Anthracite Enterprises, Inc. 


. Wi H. Lesser 


Kesquehoning, Pa, 


2 


A. k R. Coal Co. 


Ralph Riccini 


Jessup, Pa. 


20 


Atkins Coal Co. 


Henry Atkins 


Frackville, Pa. 


27 


Bainbridge, William 


Williaiti Bainbridge R.D. 


1 Crwigsburg, Pa. 


21-25 


Banks, Jos., Constr. Co. 


Joseph Banks, Central Bldg., 


'.Vilkes-Earre, Pa. 


22 


Barzak Coal Co. 


Anthony Barzak 


Frackville, P a. 


2U 


§ B. k B. Coal Co. 


John J. Boback 


Shamokin, Pa. 


23 


Beadle k Rick 


E'ike Rick 


Kulmcnt, Pa. 


16 


Beaver Brook Coal Co. 


S. H. Long 


Beaver Brook, Pa. 


26 


Becker k Co. 


John Becker 


Hahanoy City, Pa. 


19 


Beckville Coal Co. 


Lee Heffner 


Cressona, Pa. 


2 


Beggin Coal Co. 


L'ichael Beggin 


Jessup, Pa. 


19 


rBell Patterson Coal Co. 


Ralph T. Lynch 


Brockton, Pa. 


3-5-16 


Bellevue Coal Co. 


Robert E. Nolan, N. Tashington 


Ave., Scranton, Pa. 


22 


Bender Coal Co. 


John Bender 


Connertcn 


10 


Bernice Y/hite Ash C. Co. 


T, r illiam A. Uonahan 


Mildred, Pa, 


20 


Bernotsky Coal Co. 


Joseph Bernotsky 


Shaft, Pa. 


12 


Bird I 'lining Co. 


Morpan Bird, Jr. 


Plymouth 


26 


Biros i: Co. 


John Biros 


Delano, Pa. 


25 


Bixler, Oscar 


Oscar Bixler 


Valley View, Pa. 


26 


Blaschak k Co. 


John Blaschak 


Ringtown, Pa. 


1 


Blasi Coal Co. 


Domonic Blasi 


Archbald, Pa. 


2 


Blue Flame Coal Co. 


John Fanucci 


Jessup, Pa. 


25 


Blyler, Roy 


Roy t. Rlyler 


Valley View, Pa. 


6 


Boccoljne Coal Co. 


Frank Boccoline 


Cld Boston, D a. 


26 


Boner & Co. 


Ray 7,'ebb 


I.ahanoy City, Pa. 


1 


Booth, John, Inc. 


Charles Booth 


Carbondale, Pa. 


21 


Borelli Coal Co. 


Orlando Trassatt 


I.'iners ville, Pa. 


21 


Bosack Coal Co. 


Frank Bosack 


Llewellyn, Pa. 


2ll 


Boslego Coal Co. 


Andrew 3osleqo 


Kulpmont, Pa. 


l 


Botscheller Coal Co. 


L. T. Botscheller, 310 Oak St. 


, Scranton, Pa. 


27 


bowpan 5c Diebert 


Henry Bowman 


Valley View 


21 


Branch Coal Corp. 


P. J. Goodman 


Llewellyn, Pa. 


27 


Branchdale Coal Co. 


1. ilet J. Sutts 


Branchdale, Pa. 


23 


Brass Coal Co. 


:.'rs . Anne Brass 


' t. Carrael, Pa. 


26 


Brehony k Co. 


George Brehony 


Frackville, Pa. 


19 


Breaier k Blew Contrg.Co. 


Roger Brenier 


Lliddleport, Pa. 


2)4 


Pridy, Inc. 


Edward Bridy 


Atlas, Pa. 


18 


Broad L'ountain Fuel Corp. 


Liajor Lee Vfliite 


June dale, Fa. 


26 


3rokenshire & Co. 


George Brokenshire 


! ahanoy City, Pa. 


25 


Brown, Robert 


Robert Brown 


Mahanoy City, Pa. 


27 


Buck Run Colliery Co. 


Allen J. Ryan 


Buck "lun, Pa. 


1-2 


Burke, Timothy, Inc. 


Tiuothy Burke, 1022 Marion St. 


, Scranton, Pa. 


2 


^Butler Stripping Co. 


Edward Butler 


Peckville, Pa. 


9 


Butter Tub Coal Co. 


John Karaor 


Wyoming, D "".. 


21 


B. k W. Coal Co. 


Walter 'Vallacavape 


Minersville, Pa. 


27 


Cano Coal Co. 


Ray Cano 


Miners ville, Pa. 


21 


#Cano, Ray 


Bay Cano 


1'iners ville, Pa. 


9-10 


Capone Coal Co. 


Samuel J. Capone 


Luzerne 


19 


Capparell Contracting Co. 


S. J. Capparell 


Hazleton, Pa. 


16 


Carbonizing Coal Co. 


Ray E. Davis 


Scranton, Pa. 


12 


Carey, Baxter k Kennedy 


"'. E. Conroy 


Plymouth, Pa. 


2 


#C. B. M. Coal Co. 


Gino Brtoli 


Peckville, Pa. ^ 



87 



Anthracite Operators, General Managers, Mailing Addresses 



Dist- 
rict 



Operator 



General 
Manager 



22 


Centralia Mining Co. 


Limer Christ 


Centrali.a, Pa. 


5 


C.-& 0. Coal Co. 


Daniel Constantino 


Yates ville, Pa. 


21 


^Chornack Bros. 


Steve Chornack 


Gordon, ?a. 


27 


C. M. & Z. Coal Co. 


Steve Carroll 


Miners ville, Pa. 


1? 


Coal Rain Coal Co. 


Ralph H. Peters 


Scranton, Pa. 


19 


Colitz Coal Co. 


Frank Colitz 


Pott s ville, Pa. 


22 


Columbia Coal Co. 


Leon '.landell 


Ashland, Pa. 


10 


Conlon Coal Co. 


Paul J. Conlon 


Hudson, ?a. 


2 


Consagra Coal Co. 


Louis Consagra 


Blakeley, Pa. 


22 


C. Q. & W. Coal Co. 


Andrew Quiles 


Frack ville, Pa. 


2 


Costanzo Coal Co. 


Philip Costanzo 


Jessup, Pa. 


12 


Courtdale Coal Co. 


Alex Seleski 


Luzerne, Pa. 


16 


Cranberry Mining Co. 


Albert Peca 


Mahanoy City, Pa. 


23 


Cullen Coal Co. 


John J. Cullen 


Mt. Carmel, Pa. 


25 


Cutler, Steven 


Steven Cutler 


Goods or in?, Pa. 


2U-27 


Dancott Coal Co. 


David Evans, 231 Rock 


St., Shamokin, Pa. 


27 ■ 


Dando, Jos. P., Sr. 


Joseph P. Dando 


Llewellyn, Pa. 


27 


Dando & Novitsky 


Joseph P. Dando, Jr. 


Pottsville, Pa. 


21 


Dantas, Alfred 


Alfred Dantas 


Cress ona, Pa. 


2U 


Dark Corners Coal Co. 


Peter Fedorshock, hhS 


S. Shamok. Shamokin, Pa. 


19 


Darkwater Coal Co. 


Thomas Newton 


Pottsville, Pa. 


26 


Dasey & Co. 


Lcichael Dasey 


Tamaqua, Pa. 


27 


#D'Attilio, Camillo 


Cajnillo D'Attilio 


Hinersville, Pa. 


27 


D. & D. Coal Co. 


Angelo Declerico 


Miners ville, Pa. 


1 


DeAngelis Coal Co. 


Joseph DeAngelis 


Carbondale, Pa. 


25 


Deaven, David 


David Deaven 


Box 13, Pine Grove, Pa. 


25 


Deaven, Francis 


Francis Deaven 


R. D. 3, Myerstown, Pa. 


27 


Deitrick %. Troup 


Lewis Deitrich 


Gordon, Pa. 


26 


Dern Coal Co. 


Joseph Kluchinsky 


Mahanoy City, Pa. 


6 


DeRoma Coal Co. 


John DeRoma, 22 


S. Main St., Wilkes-Barre, Pa, 


1-12 


Devfees Bros. 


Richard Dewees 


Kingston, Pa. 


9 


Dial Rock Coal Co. 


Thomas R. Lewis 


Wyoming, Pa. 


2U 


Diminick Coal Sales Co. 


Ferdinand Di-ninick 


R. D. #5, Danville, Pa. 


21 


DiRenzo, Alfred 


Alfred DiRenzo 


Miners ville, Pa. 


21 


r?Dowdentown Coal Co. 


John Marnickas 


Miners ville, Pa. 


10-lU 


Duryea Anthracite Co. 


Charles Adonizio 


R. D. *2, Wilkes-Barre, Pa. 


1 


Dwonczyk Coal Co. 


Joseph Dwonczyk 


Peckville, Pa. 


22 


Dyszel Coal Co. 


George Dyszel 


Lost Creek, Pa. 


2U 


D. <k Z. Ccal Co. 


Stanley Diminick 


Box 116, Shamokin, Pa. 


19 


Eagle Hill Coal Co. 


E. P. Whitby 


Pottsville, Pa. 


27 


Ebert, George 


George Ebert 


R. D. ?2, Hegins, Pa. 


1 


Eddie 4 Joe Coal Co. 


Romaro Molinaro 


Peckville, Pa. 


20 


Engle Coal Co. 


Joseph Engle 


Shenandoah, Pa. 


5 


En&Lewood Coal Co. 


Russell Tatusko 


Frackville, Pa. 


25 


Erdraan Bros. 


Guy Erdman 


Valley View, Pa. 


23 


Exchange Coal Co. 


Joseph Cerbaccio 


Atlas, Pa. 


2 


Fabri Coal Co. 


Richard Fabri 


Jessup, Pa. 


18 


#Fairclough Mining Corp. 


N. B. Fairclough 


Beaver Meadow, Pa. 


21 


Falls Coal Co. 


John Zernheldt 


Zerbe, Pa. 


21 


Farley ?< Laychack 


Peter Laychask 


R. D. 1, Pottsville, Pa. 


21 


Fegley i Tretter 


Vincent Fegley 


Minersville, Pa. 


23 


Fetterman & Co. 


Arnold Fetterman 


Mt. Carmel, Pa. 


22 


Fisher Coal Co. 


C. Arthur Fisher 


Orwigsburg, Pa, 


5 


Florine Coal Co. 


Anthony Minichello 


Old Forge, Pa. 


2U 


Foierl & Louis 


Louis Foieri 


Box 223, Shamokin, Pa. 


26 


Forpotsch & Co. 


Joseph Forgotsch 


Mahanoy City, Pa. 


10 


Franklin Coal Mining Co. 


Joseph Mayers 


W. Pittston, Pa. 


6 


Fritz Bros. 


Frank Fritz 315 Lacka. Ave.,Dupont, Pa. 


25 


Fro ilk, George 


George ^ronk 


Valley View, Pa. 


1 


F. 4 W. Coal Co. 


Harry Farnetti 


Jessup, Pa. 


._2-3-26 


Gasparini Stripping Co. 


Gene Gasparini 


Blakeley, Pa. 


1 


Gateway Coal Co. 


Charles Volpe 


Dunmore, Pa. 


21 


Gauntlett, Roy & Co. 


Roy Gauntlett 


Zerbe, Pa. 


7 


Gaylord Coal Co. 


Samuel Bird 


Plymouth, Pa. 


9 


Genelow Coal Co. 


Joseph Troyan 


Wyoming, Pa. 


26 


German Hauling Co. 


Williard German 


Mahanoy City, Pa. 



Anthracite Operators, General Managers, Mailing Addresses 



Dist- 
rict 



Operator 



General 
Manager 



Address 



1 taanforcoro Coal Co. 

20-22-26 Gilbert on Coal Co. 

1 Gildea Coal Co. 

1 Gillen Coal Co. 

6 Gillizzi Coal Co. 

19 Glacier Coal Sales Co. 
3-7-11-12- 

13-1U-16 Glen Alden Coal Co. 

16 Glen City Coal Co. 

5 G. *t M. Coal Co. 

2 G. M. A. Coal Co. 

21 Gontarchick Coal Co. 

25 Good Peoples Coal Co. 

25 Goodspring Contracting Co. 
16 Gowen Coal Co. 

20 Grachowski Coal Co. 
2 Gravine Coal Co. 

5 Gravity Coal Co. 
5-10-15 Greenwood Mining Co. 

2 G. & S. Coal Co. 

2 Guiducci Coal Co. 

20 Gulbinsky Coal Co. 

6 Guzior Coal Co. 

21 G. W. B. Coal Co. 
15-18 #Haddock Mining Co. 

26 #Hall & Co. 

21 Hamilton Construction Co. 

22 Hammond Coal Co. 

16 Harbon Coal & Contr' g. Co. 

20 Harris Coal Co. 
5-6 Harris &. Walsh 

9 Harry E. Coal Co. 

27 Hatter, Ernest 

19 Haven Coal & Supply Co. 

22 Hazle Brook Coal Co. 
6 Heidelberg Coal Co. 

25 Hentz, Reuben 

27 Hepler & Otto 

25 Herb, Allen 

21 Herb, Austin, & Co. 
21 Herb 4 Reed 

21 Herman, Carl, & Co. 

25 Herring & Spancake 

25 High Test Coal Co. 

6 Hillside Coal Co. 

19 Hillside Coal Co. 

2? Hill Vue Coal Co. 

25 Hinchey & McGinley 

21 #Hoffman Bros. 

27 Holohan Coal Co. 

2\\ Hoover Coal Mining Co. 
1-2-5-10- 

11-12 Hudson Coal Co. 

19-25 Huss Contracting Co. 

15 Hydrotated Anth. Fuel Co. 

23 Ibanez & Dallibrida 
21-27 Indian Head Coal Co. 

19 Indian Run Coal Co. 

20 Ivanowski Coal Co. 

15 Jeddo-Highland Coal Co. 

6 Jenkins Coal Co. 

6-8 #Jermyn-Green Coal Co. 

27 Joliett Coal Co. 

2\x Johnson Coal Sales Co. 

22 Jonathan Coal Co. 



George Gianforcoro Archbald, Pa. 

Elmer S. Christ Gilberton, Pa. 

John A. Gildea, 6Ul River St.,Scranton, Pa. 

Thomas Gillen Carbondale, Pa. 

Anthony Gillizzi Pittston, Pa. 

William Grow Cumbola, Pa. 

Henry A. Dierks, 16 S. River St., Wilkes-Barre, Pa. 



John Luciana 

George Maffei 

John Alfonse 

Michael Gontarchick 

Harry Witmer 

Thoma3 George 

Elmer Roth 

Alex Grachowski 

Frank Gravine 

Don T. Da vies 

John S. Marshall, R. D. 2, 

Leno Giombetti 

Andrew Guiducci 

Julian Gulbinsky 

Barney Guzior 

Joseph Ga valet z 

John C. Haddock 

William Hall 

Frank Maurer 

R. L. Birtley 

Joseph Harlam 

Alex Harris 

Irving Harris, 37 Lacka. Ave. 

Joseph Mayers 

Ernest Hatter 

Chas. D. Manbeck 

C. A. Garner 



Bloomsburg, Pa. 
Scranton 7, Pa. 
Jessup, Pa. 
Miners ville, Pa. 
Lykens, Pa. 
Goodspring, Pa. 
Fern Glen, Pa. 
Shenandoah, Pa. 
Archbald, Pa. 
Avoca, Pa. 
Wilkes-Barre, Pa. 
Jes3up, Pa. 
Peckville, Pa. 
Frackville, Pa. 
Dupont, Pa. 
Miners ville, Pa. 
Wilkes-Barre, Pa. 
Mahanoy City, Pa. 
Port Carbon, Pa. 
Gi r ar dvill e , Pa . 
Tamaqua, Pa. 
Shenandoah, Pa. 
Scranton, Pa. 
W. Pittston, Pa. 
He gins, Pa. 
Schuylkill Haven, 
Jeddo, Pa. 



John B. McDade, 1st Nat. Bank Bldg., Scranton, Pa. 



Barney C. Marshall 
John Hepler 
Allen Herb 
Austin Herb 
Roy Herb 
Carl Herman 
Lester Herring 
H. L. Golden 
Gene Popple 
Theodore Norvidas 
Lloyd Neumeister 
J. F. Hinchey, Jr. 
George Hoffman, Sr. 
Thomas Holohan 
George Hoover 

Edgar C. Weichel, U3U 
George Huss 
H. W. Hastie 
Fred Dallibrida 
Louis J. Pagnotti 
Edward Garote 
Walter Ivanowski 
C. A. Garner 
Joseph Capone 
K. A. Lambert 
Louis Pagnotti 
Frank 0. Johnson, 523 
George Fleming 



He gins, Pa. 
R. D. 2, Hegins, Pa. 

Valley View, Pa. 

Valley View, Pa. 

Valley View, Pa. 

Minersville, Pa. 

Pine Grove, Pa. 

Goodspring, Pa. 

Avoca, Pa. 

Tamaqua, Pa. 
R.D. 1, Ashland, Pa. 

Centralia, Pa. 

Frackville, Pa. 

R.D. 2, Pottsville, Pa. 

Y. M. C. A., Sunbury, Pa. 

Wyoming Ave., Scranton, Pa. 

Ringtown, Pa. 

Lattimer Mines, Pa. 

Keiser, Pa. 

W. Pittston, Pa. 

Cressona, Pa. 

Shenandoah, Pa. 

Jeddo, Pa. 

Pittston, Pa. 

Pittston, Pa. 

W. Pittston, Pa. 
N. Market St., Shamokin, Pa. 

Ashland, Pa. 



89 



Anthracite Operators, General Managers, Mailing Addresses 



Dist- 








rict 


Operator 


General Manager 


Address 


2U-25 


Jonathan Coal Mining Co. 


Arthur P. Baugh, Jr., Hil6 Chestnut St., Phila., Pa 


26 


Jones Coal Corp. 


John E. Jones 


Pottsville, Pa. 


26 


Jones, John, Coal Co. 


John Jones 


Mahanoy City, Pa. 


5 


Junior Coray Coal Co. 


Lindo Berrettini 


Plains, Pa. 


26 


Kadelock & Co. 


John Kadelock 


Delano, Pa. 


21* 


K. & D. Coal Co. 


John Dietrich Box Ul5, 


Shamokin, Pa. 


5-9 


Kehoe-Berge Coal Co. 


John C. Kehoe, Jr. 


Pittston, Pa. 


21 


Keifer, Lawrence 


Lawrence Keifer 


Branchdale, Pa. 


23 


Keiser, J. B., & Son 


J. B. Keiser 


Mt. Carmel, Pa. 


26 


Kelly Construction Co. 


Charles Mogish 


Delano, Pa. 


3 


Keyser Valley Coal Co. 


Peter Brojack 


Scranton, Pa. 


7 


Kingston Excavating Co. 


John B. Corgan 


Kingston, Pa. 


12 


Kingston Mining Corp. 


Morgan Bird, Jr. 


Edwards ville, Pa. 


20 


Klimas Bros. 


George Klimas 


Shaft, Pa. 


27 


#ELinger, Talbert 


Talbert Klinger R. D. 1, 


Ashland, Pa. 


19 


K. M. F. Coal Service 


Joseph Kilousky 


Middleport, Pa. 


8 


Knox Coal Co. 


Robert L. Dougherty 


Wyoming, Pa. 


25 


Kocher, Leon 


Leon Kocher 


Valley View, Pa. 


20 


Kohinoor Coal Co. 


Robert L. Birtley 


Shenandoah, Pa. 


20 


Kolis Coal Co. 


Anthony Kolis 


Shenandoah, Pa. 


20 


Kovalick Coal Co. 


Michael Kovalick 


Shenandoah, Pa. 


21 


Kozura, Mike 


Mike Kozura 


Minersville, Pa. 


27 


#Kramer, Brown & Reibsane 


Lester Reibsane 


Tower City, Pa. 


21 


#Kreiser Coal Co. 


Frank Kreiser 


Pine Grove, Pa. 


27 


Kroh, Harvey 


Harvey Kroh R. D. 1, 


He gins, Pa. 


27 


Kuntzleman, Osman & KLouser Walter Kuntzleman 


Tower City, Pa. 


19 


Kurchock Contracting Co. 


Joseph Kurchock 


Mt. Laffee, Pa. 


5 


Lacka. Mng. & Constr. Co. 


Joseph Grill 


Old Forge, Pa. 


27 


Lamar Coal Co., Inc. 


C. S. Maurer 


Donaldson, Pa. 


12 


Larks ville Coal Co. 


Alex Seleski 


Luzerne, Pa. 


21* 


Latsha Coal Co. 


Daniel R. Latsha Box 217, 


ELysburg, Pa. 


16 


Lattimer Coal Corp. 


George M. Chi sn ell 


Hazleton, Pa. 


21 


#L. & C. Coal Co. 


Joseph Lattore 


Atlas, Pa. 


25 


Legal Coal Co. 


H. L. Golden 


Goodspring, Pa. 


17-18 


Lehigh Navigation Coal Co. 


D. C. Helms 


Lansford, Pa. 


9-10-11 


- 






16-18 


Lehigh Valley Coal Co. 


K. F. Arbogast, 133 N. River 


St., Wilkes-Barre, Pa. 


21 


Lehman, Marlin 


Marlin Lehman 


Tremont, Pa. 


2 


Lemencelli Coal Co. 


Peter Lemencelli 


Eynon, Pa. 


21 


Lengle, Luther 


Luther Lengle 


Pine Grove, Pa. 


2k 


Level Coal Co. 


Frank Appel Box U5, 


Shamokin, Pa. 


2U 


Little Chief Coal Co. 


Ed. J. Nalewak, 807 W. Walnut 


St., Shamokin, Pa. 


23 


#Little & Shecora 


Cornelius Little 


Kulpmont, Pa. 


21 


Live Oak Coal Co. 


Peter Laychack R. D. 1, 


Pottsville, Pa. 


6 


L. K. Coal Co. 


John Kaminski 


Avoca, Pa. 


5 


Lockett Coal Co. 


Walter Hughes 


Old Forge, Pa. 


20 


Locust Coal Co. 


J. J. Crane 


Shenandoah, Pa. 


26 


Locust Valley Coal Co. 


Herman Taducofsky 


Mahanoy City 


23 


Logan Creek Constr. Co. 


Dave Pizzoli 


Atlas, Pa. 


19 


Lohb Coal Co. 


J. Harold Fisher 


Pottsville, Pa. 


22 


#Lombardo Coal Co. 


Anthony Lombardo 


Shaft, Pa. 


15 


Lombardo & Puglia 


Anthony Lombardo 


Hazleton, Pa. 


2U 


Lower Region Coal Co. 


Modes Foieri Box 2U0, 


Shamokin, Pa. 


27 


Lucas, John 


John Lucas 


Branchdale, Pa. 


27 


Lucas, Joseph 


Joseph Lucas 


Lykens, Pa. 


9 


Luzerne County Gas & ELec. 


Charles E. Warsaw 


Kingston, Pa. 


6 


Lynott Coal Co. 


Joseph Lynott 


Pittston, Pa. 


21 


Macario, John 


John Macario 


Minersville, Pa. 


9 


Maffei Coal Co. 


George Maffei 


Exeter, Pa. 


6 


Major Coal Co. 


Adam Major 


Avoca, Pa. 


26 


Maksymik & Co. 


Stanley Maksymik 


Shenandoah, Pa. 


27 


Malho Coal Co. 


Anthony Malho 


Lavelle, Pa. 


20 


Mallio Coal Co. 


Nicholas Mallio 


Gilberton, Pa. 



90 



Anthracite Operators, General Managers, Mailing Addresses 



Dist- 
rict 



Operator 



General Manager 



Address 



9 


Maltby Coal Co. 


22 


Mammoth Coal Co. 


25 


Markson Coal Co. 


25 


Martin & Keating 


3 


Mascelli Coal Co. 


1 


#Masters Coal Co. 


19 


Matleska Coal Co. 


26 


Matrishin & Co. 


2U 


Maurer Coal Sales Co. 


26 


Mazaika Bros. 


1 


Mazzoni Coal Co, 


6 


M. B. Coal Co. 


2 


M. & C. Coal Co. 


27 


McCarrick Bros. 


2 


McConnell Stripping Co. 


21 


#McHale & Santor 


3 


Meadowside Coal Co. 


20 


Melusky Coal Co. 


2 


Mid Valley Anthracite Co 


19 


Millard Coal Co. 


25 


Miller, Daniel 


25 


Miller, Franklin 


25 


Miller, Robert 


27 


Mine Hill Coal Co. 


3 


Minichello Coal Co. 


5 


# Minichello, L. J., C. Co, 


26 


M. & K. Coal Co. 


1 


M. & M. Coal Co. 


3-5 


Moffat Coal Co. 


15 


^Monitor Co., Inc. 


2 


Moosic Mountain C. Co. 


25 


Moran, Francis 


26 


Morea Mining Co. 


21 


Morgan, Irvin 


25 


Morgan, Roy 


22 


Morris Ridge Coal Co. 


1 


Motley Coal Co. 


5 


Mountain Slope Coal Co. 


19 


Mountain Top Coal Co. 


2S 


Moyer, Lloyd 


21 


M. & S. Coal Co. 


19 


Mt. Laffee Coal Co. 


19 


Musolino Contracting Co. 


2U 


Mutual Coal Co. 


21 


M. V. M. Coal Co. 


6 


Namura Coal Co. 


7 


Nanticoke Excavating Co. 


6 


Nardone Coal Co. 


23 


Natalie Coal Corp. 


2-3 


Nay Aug Coal Co. 


26 


Noakes, Jeff 


26 


North Mahanoy Coal Co. 


1-3 


Northwest Coal Co. 


16 


Norvidas & Palko 


18 


#Norvidas & Patrick 


6-8 


Number Nine Coal Co. 


8 


Number Fourteen Coal Co. 


2! 4 


Oak Coal Yard 


5 


Old Forge Coal Co. 


27 


Olenick & Sons 


2 


Ondrick Coal Co. 


27 


Orchard Coal Co. 


27 


Otto, C. M., !c Son 


22 


Otto Collieries Co. 


25 


Otto Miners 



Joseph Troyan 

Joseph Mayers 

Edwin A. Weyman, Box 103 

Leroy Martin, 200 Millcreek 

Enrico Bevilacqua 

Richard Masters 

John Matleska 

Andrew Matrishin 

Charles Maurer, Box 318 

Edward Mazaika 

Delmo Mazzoni 

Stanley Barovitz 

Guido Castellani 

John McCarrick 

Robert McConnell 

James McHale 

Joseph Rosetti 

Edward Melusky 

Joseph Rosetti 

Joseph E. Millard 

Daniel Miller 

Franklin J. Miller 

Robert L. Miller 

Chas. Martin 

John Hut chins 

L. J. Minichello 

Michael Kodis 

Michael Mikulak 

Earl Lamb, P. 0. Box U86, 

A. E. Dick, Jr. 

Harry Giombetti 

Franjis Moran 

J. D. Connors 

Irvin Morgan R. D. 

Roy Morgan 

Joseph Martinez 

Sandy Consagra 

Luke Keating 

Ralph H. Peters 

Lloyd Moyer R. D. 3, 

A. J. Schrader R. D. 1, 

Dave Smith 

Anthony Musolino 

Walter Krazick 

Tony Valent 

Charles Namura 

L. F. Biscontini 

Louis Sarf 

Peter Mucha 

Patrick Walsh 

Jeff Noakes 

Earl McLaren 

Albert Mascelli 

Theodore Norvidas 

Leonard Patrick R. D. 3, 

Joseph Mayers 

Charles Gelso 

Ernest Landis 

Albert Minichello 

John Olenick R. D. 1 

John Ondrick 

Ross Withelder 

Herman C. Otto R. D. 2 

Paul Williamson 

Norman R. Otto 



Wyoming, Pa. 
W. Pitt st on, Pa. 
Goodspring, Pa. 
Ave., Pottsville, Pa. 
Olyphant, Pa. 
Kingsley, Pa. 
Miners ville, Pa. 
Barne3ville, Pa. 
Shamokin, Pa. 
R. D. Tamaqua, Pa. 
Jessup, Pa. 
W. Avoca, Pa. 
Jessup, Pa. 
Tremont, Pa. 
Scranton, Pa. 
Port Carbon, Pa. 
Dunmore, Pa. 
Shaft, Pa. 
Dunmore, Pa. 
Miners ville, Pa. 
Valley View, Pa. 
Ravine, Pa. 
Pine Grove, Pa, 
Miners ville, Pa. 
Peckville, Pa. 
Peckville, Pa. 
Mahanoy City, Pa. 
Simpson, Pa. 
Scranton, Pa. 
Hazleton, Pa. 
Jessup, Pa. 
Pottsville, Pa. 
Morea, Pa. 
3, Ashland, Pa. 
Valley View, Pa. 
Ashland, Pa. 
Mayfield, Pa. 
Old Forge, Pa. 
Scranton, Pa. 
Pine Grove, Pa. 
Minersville, Pa. 
Mt. Laffee, Pa. 
Hazleton, Pa. 
Excelsior, Pa. 
Palo Alto, Pa. 
Peckville, Pa. 
Nanticoke, Pa. 
Pittston, Pa. 
Mt. Carrael, Pa. 
Scranton, Pa. 
Mahanoy City, Pa. 
Mahanoy City, Pa. 
Carbondale, Pa. 
Tamaqua, Pa. 
Tamaqua, Pa. 
W. Pittston, Pa. 
Pittston, Pa. 
Tharptown, Pa. 
Old Forge, Pa. 
Pottsville, Pa. 
Clarks Summit, Pa. 
Zerbe, Pa. 
He gins, Pa. 
Ashland, Pa. 
Hegins, Pa. 



91 



Anthracite Operators, General Managers, Mailing Addresses 



Dist- 








rict 


Operator 


General Manager 


Address 


3-5-6 


Panzitta Coal Co. 


Domini ck Panzitta 


Pitt st on, Pa. 


9-16 


Payne Coal Co. 


Bruce Payne 


Wilkes-Barre, Pa. 


26 


Peca Coal Co. 


Albert Peca 


Mahanoy City, Pa. 


27 


Penag Coal Co. 


Edward V. Twiggar 


Shamokin, Pa. 


1 


Penbrook Coal Co. 


Richard Fabri 


Archbald, Pa. 


19 


Penna Coal Co. 


Joseph Penna 


Miners ville, Pa. 


3 


Perm Anthracite Co. 


F. D. Shoemaker 


Scranton, Pa. 


2-8 


Pennsylvania Coal Co. 


Ralph A. Lambert 


Scranton, Pa. 


27 


Pernick, Frank, Jr. 


Frank Pernick 


Miners ville, Pa. 


2 


Perry Construction Co. 


Alex Fink 


Scranton, Pa. 


6 


Petrillo Coal Co. 


Angelo Petrillo 


Exeter, Pa. 


20 


Petrock Coal Co. 


Peter Petrock 


Shenandoah, Pa. 


19-20-22- 


23- 






2U-25-26 


Phila. i Reading C. & I.Co, 


, Edward G. Fox 


Potts ville, Pa. 


21 


Phoenix Coal Co. 


R. E. Watkins, Box 630, 


Pottsville, Pa. 


26 


Phoenix Contracting Co. 


Bart Herrity 


Ashland, Pa. 


25 


Pine Creek Coal Co. 


Harrison Klinger 


Spring Glen, Pa. 


22 


Pine Ridge Mining Co. 


J. Klemen 


Ashland, Pa. 


1 


Pioneer City Coal Co. 


Angelo Giombetti 


Jessup, Pa. 


23 


#Pioneer Construction Co. 


Charles Steiner 


Shamokin, Pa. 


8 


P. & J. Coal Co. 


Joseph Sindaco 


Pittston, Pa. 


8 


Plains-Hilldale Coal Co. 


Carlo Saporito R. D. 2, 


Wilkes-Barre, Pa. 


1 


Ploskonka Coal Co. 


Louis Ploskonka 


Peckville, Pa. 


3 


P. & M. Coal Co. 


Bruno Miletta 


Old Forge, Pa. 


21 


Polinsky, John 


John Polinsky R. D. 1, 


Pottsville, Pa. 


2 


Pompey Coal Co. 


Charles Pompey 


Jessup, Pa. 


.2 


Popple & Scatina 


Peter Scatina 


Pittston, Pa. 


25 


Potts, Allen 


Allen Potts 


Pine Grove, Pa. 


10 


Pringle Coal Co. 


M. J. Luksic 


Luzerne, Pa. 


20 


Pronlo Coal Co. 


Anthony Pronio 


Shenandoah, Pa. 


20 


Pryzbilick Coal Co. 


Joseph Pryzbilick 


Shenandoah, Pa. 


2U 


Quality Coal Sales Co. 


Clarence Weimer Box 288, 


Shamokin, Pa. 


5 


#Quinn & Walsh 


Patrick Walsh 7th St., 


Scranton, Pa. 


25 


Raudenbush, Joseph 


Joseph Raudenbush 


Williamstown, Pa. 


22 


Raven Run Coal Co. 


C. A. Garner 


Jeddo, Pa. 


20-23 


Reading Briquet Co. 


T. H. Butcher 


Mahanoy City, Pa. 


2 


Red Creek Mining Co. 


John Federowitch 


Jessup, Pa. 


2U 


Rei dinger Coal Service 


Victor Reidinger 


Paxinos, Pa. 


21-25 


Re illy, Chas. L. 


Charles L. Reilly 


Pottsville, Pa. 


21 


Reilly, Eugene, & Co. 


Eugene Reilly 


Minersville, Pa. 


21 


Reiner & Shallhananer 


Raymond Reiner 


Muir, Pa. 


21 


Renninger Coal Co. 


Ted Renninger 


Zerbe, Pa. 


19 


Repplier Coal Co. 


A. F. Connell 


Buck Run, Pa. 


2 


R. & F. Coal Co. 


Primo Fidati 


Jessup, Pa. 


25-26 


Rhoads Contracting Co. 


C. E. Machamer 


Ashland, Pa. 


3-6 


Rhonda Coal Co. 


Ray E. Davis, Bowman Bldg., 


Scranton, Pa. 


21 


Rickert Bros. 


Thomas Rickert 


Tower City, Pa. 


25 


Rigdosh, George, & Co. 


Earl Bush 


Tower City, Pa. 


27 


Rizzardi Coal Co., Inc. 


Arnold H. Rizzardi 


Minersville, Pa. 


2 


Rosetti Coal Co. 


Ubaldo Rosetti 


Jessup, Pa. 


2U 


Rosini Bros. 


Odone Ro3ini S. 5th St., 


Shamokin, Pa. 


21 


Rowbottom, James 


James Rowbottom 


Pottsville, Pa. 


26 


Royal Anth. Coal Co. 


Roy Allen R. D. 


Tamaqua, Pa. 


21 


Rushanan & Sons 


John Rushanan 


Minersville, Pa. 


6 


Russell Coal Co. 


Stephen DuBernas 


Old Forge, Pa. 


9 


R. 4 W. Coal Co. 


El wood Richards 


Exeter, Pa. 


26 


Rymar & Co, 


John Rymar 


McAdoo, Pa. 


27 


Sabadish & Cherrybon 


Joseph Sabadish 


Pottsville, Pa. 


1 


Sacco Coal Co. 


Frank Sacco 


Jessup, Pa. 


27 


S. A. Sc J. Coal Co. 


John Trassat 


Minersville, Pa. 


19 


Salem Hill Coal Co. 


J. J. Crane 


Shenandoah, Pa. 


21 


Salem, James 


James Salem 


Tremont, Pa. 


1 


Salvaggio Coal Co. 


Sam Salvaggio 


Mayfield, Pa. 


23-25 


Sanchez Construction Co. 


Alonzo Sanchez 


Minersville, Pa. 


15 


Sandy Run Miners, Producers 


> Thomas George, Jr. 


Fre eland, Pa. 



92 



Anthracite Operators, General Managers, Mailing Addresses 



Dist- 
rict 



Operator 



General Manager 



6 


Saratore Coal Co. 


6-8 


Sarf Coal Co. 


20 


Sarra Coal Co. 


27 


Saunders Coal Mining Co. 


25-27 


Scheib 4 Leitzel 


27 


Schneck Coal Co. 


25 


Schneck, Thos. 


21 


Schrader Coal Co. 


25 


Schumacher, J. E., 4 Son 


5 


Schuster Coal Co. 


25 


Schwalm, William, 4 Co. 


20 


Seltzer Coal Co. 


20 


#Sergynsky Coal Co. 


25-27 


Shade, John 


25 


Shade, Lawrence 


2U 


Sharp Coal Sales Co. 


21 


Sherman Mountain Coal Co, 


21 


Silverton Coal Co. 


26 


Simoes 4 Co. 


1 


Simpson Coal Co. 


26 


Sincavage 4 Co. 


26 


Skytop Coal Co. 


1 


#Slenska Bros. 


20 


Slominsky Coal Co. 


20 


Snowshoe Coal Co. 


3 


Snyder Coal Co. 


2 


Sobleskie Coal Co. 


3 


#Sproul Construction Co. 


Ik 


Stackhouse Coal Co. 


5 


Standard Breaker Corp. 


2U 


Stanley Coal Co., Inc. 


20 


Stauffer Coal Co. 


19 


St. Clair Coal Co. 


2U 


Steam Coals, Inc. 


16 


Steele, T. F., C. Co. 


21-25 


Stevens Coal Co. 


27 


Stiely, Wellington 


6 


Stodnick Coal Co. 


25 


Stump, Franklin B. 


27 


Stutzman, Charles, 4 Co. 


9 


Sullivan Trail Coal Co. 


2U 


Sunshine Coal Co. 


1 


Supreme Anth. Coal Co. 


1 


Surace, F. L. 


19 


Susan Coal Co. 


lii-22- 


Susquehanna Colls. Div. 


23-2U 


M. A. Hanna Co. 


6 


Sussex Coal Co. 


21 


Swatara Coal Co. 


2-6 


Sweeney Bros. 


2U 


Swift Coal Co. 


22 


Swilp Coal Co. 


2 


Swoyer Coal Co. 


6 


#Talamelli Coal Co. 


19 


Tamaqua Coal Pockets 


22 


Tarrone Coal Co. 


2 


Tetto Coal Co. 


3 


Throop Mining Co. 


1 


Tolerico Stripping Co. 


16 


Trader Horn Coal Co. 


27 


Troup, Warren 


21 


T. 4 T. Construction Co. 


22 


Tunnel Coal Co. 


3 


Turnpike Coal Co. 



Dupont, Pa. 

Pittston, Pa. 

Frackville, Pa. 

Miners ville, Pa. 

Hegins, Pa. 
R. D. 1, Pine Grove, Pa. 

Suedberg, Pa. 

Minersville, Pa, 
Box 689, Potts ville, Pa. 
Henry Schuster, 1021 S. Wyoming Ave., Scranton, 
William H. Schwalm Valley View, Pa. 

Frank Seltzer Frackville, Pa. 

Edward Sergynsky Shenandoah, Pa. 

John Shade . Valley View, Pa. 

Lawrence Shade Valley View, Pa. 

Robert Sharp, 13 E. Commerce St., Shamokin, Pa. 



Peter Saratore 
Louis Sarf 
Carmen Sarra 
Salvey Saunders 
Floyd Scheib 
Clinton R. Schneck 
Thos. W. Schneck 
A. J. Schrader 
John E. Schumacher 



Harry Hartz 

Frank Short ino 

Manuel Simoes 

Steve Yanchek 

Charles Sincavage 

Daniel Pereira 

John Slenska 

Leo Slominsky 

Manuel Delpazo 

Nelson Snyder 

John Sobleskie 

J. H. Sproul 

R. K. Bullock 

Lowther T. Brown 

A. A. Graybill, 93U W. Pine St 

Nelson Stauffer 

H. M. Smyth 

H. W. Lark Box 12, 

E. J. Gibbons 

Joseph H. Jones 

Wellington Stiely R. D. 1, 

George Stodnick 

Franklin B. Stump 

Charles Stutzman 

Joseph Mayers 

Ralph Steinhart 

John Hudson 

Frank L. Surace 

John Watcher 

C. A, Gibbons 

C. E. Banker 

John Butcavage 

W. H. Bircher ; U0 Poplar St, 

Adam Swift, 1100 Center St., 

Joseph Swilp 

Harry Swoyer 

Velio Talamelli 

Norman Warne 

Anthony Tarrone 

Frank Tetto 

Angelo Falzone 

Constance Tolerico 

Waldemar Hartman 

Warren Troup 

E. J. Taylor 

Frank Much a 

John Vital i 



Tremont, Pa. 
Cressona, Pa. 
Mahanoy City, Pa. 
Carbondale, Pa. 
Mahanoy City, Pa. 
Mahanoy City, Pa. 
N. Scranton, Pa. 
Shenandoah, Pa. 
Frackville, Pa, 
Scranton, Pa. 
Jessup, Pa. 
Scranton, Pa. 
Shickshinny, Pa. 
Avoca, Pa. 
, Shamokin, Pa. 
Shaft, Pa. 
St. Clair, Pa. 
Shamokin, Pa. 
Junedale, Pa. 
Trevorton, Pa. 
Hegins, Pa. 
Dupont, Pa. 
Pine Grove, Pa. 
Hegins, Pa. 
W. Pittston, Pa. 
Trevorton, Pa. 
Peckville, Pa, 
Childs, Pa. 
Frackville, Pa. 

Nanticoke, Pa. 
Pittston, Pa. 
Minersville, Pa, 
, Scranton, Pa. 
Shamokin, Pa. 
Connerton, Pa. 
Maplewood, Pa. 
W. Wyoming, Pa. 
Tamaqua, Pa. 
Raven Run, Pa. 
Jessup, Pa. 
Pittston, Pa. 
Simpson, Pa. 
McAdoo, Pa. 
Ashland, Pa. 
Tremont, Pa. 
Frackville, Pa. 
Dunraore, Pa. 



Anthracite Operators, General Managers, bailing Addresses 



Dist- 
rict 



Operator 



General Manager 



27 


Valent, Anthony 


27 


Valley Construction Co 


6-8 


Valley View Coal Co. 


26 


Valsuk & Co. 


5 


V. Coal Co. 


6 


Vigoline Coal Co. 


2 


Village Slope Coal Co. 


2 


V. & L. Coal Co. 


2 


Vispi Coal Co. 


21 


Vsay, Frank 


1 


Waddell Coal Co. 


27 


Walaitis Coal Co. 


6 


Warnes Coal Co. 


27 


Wentz Partnership 


22 


Went z el Coal Co. 


21 


Wertz, Elmer 


26 


Yfessner Coal Co. 


9 


West Exeter Coal Co. 


10 


West Side Coal Co. 


3 


West Slope Coal Corp. 


27 


Whiteash & Dalsas 


21 


Williams Stripping Co. 


19 


Winton Coal Co. 


27 


Woznicki & Berger 


21 


Zerbe & Griffith 


22 


Zimmerman Coal Co. 


25 


Zimmerman, Ray 


25 


Zimmerman & Wenrich 



Anthony Valent 

George Fronk 

John A. Hart, Scranton Nat. 

Sophie Valsuk 

Thomas Galbraith 

Dominick Vigoline 

Louis Coccodrilli 

John Vitroli 

Raymond Vispi 

Frank Vsay 

Peter Brojack 

John Walaitis 

Joseph Warnes 

Stanley Wentz 

John Verbish 

J. Harold Fisher 

Lester Wessner R. 

Thomas R. Lewis 

Walter Songalia 

Harry Cimini 

Paul Whiteash 

J. Harold Fisher 

Joseph Harlam 

Stanley Woznicki 

Elmer Zerbe 

J. Zimmerman 

Ray Zimmerman 

Marlin Zimmerman 



Potts ville, Pa. 

Valley View, Pa. 
Eank Bldg., Scranton, Pa. 

Frackville, Pa. 

Scranton, Pa. 

Hughestown, Pa. 

Jessup, Pa. 

Jessup, Pa. 

Olyphant, Pa. 

Miners ville, Pa. 

Winton, Pa. 

Frackville, Pa. 

Old Forge, Pa. 

Marlin, Pa. 

Gordon, Pa. 

Pottsville, Pa. 
D. Tamaqua, Pa. 

Wyoming, Pa. 

Luzerne, Pa. 

Scranton, Pa. 

Miners ville, Pa. 

Pottsville, Pa. 

Tamaqua, Pa. 

Pottsville, Pa. 

Zerbe, Pa. 

Ringtown, Pa. 

Pine Grove, Pa. 

Pine Grove, Pa. 



U76 Operators 

# Discontinued operation during the year. 



Compiled, typed: Ber 



94 



RULES GOVERNING BLASTING IN STRIP MINE 
OPERATIONS IN THE ANTHRACITE REGION 

The following rules are published herein as general information. 
They are being widely adopted as standards for blasting in 
quarries and open pit mining operations throughout the country: 

ACT NO. U72, APPROVED JUNE 27, 19U7. SECTION 20 READS AS FOLLOWS: 
"The use of explosives for the purpose of blasting in connection 
with strip mining in the neighborhood of any public highway, stream 
of water, dwelling house, public building, school, church, commercial 
or institutional building or pipe line shall be done in accordance 
with regulations prescribed by and under the supervision of the 
Department of Mines." 

To meet the requirements of Section 20 of the Anthracite Strip Mining Act, 
the following rules shall be adopted: 

1. In no case shall the ground displacement be in excess of .03 inches 
at any dwelling house, public buildings, schools, churches, commercial or 
institutional buildings. 

2. Where a blast is to be fired within 200 feet of a pipe line, the 
operator shall exercise such necessary caution as may be needed for the pro- 
tection of the pipe line. The operator should also notify the owner of said 
line of his intention to blast as here described, giving a description of 
the precautionary measures that will be taken. 

3. Blasting shall be prohibited in all cases where the effect of such 
blasting is liable to change the course or channel of any stream, without 
first obtaining a permit from the Water and Power Resources Board. 

U. No blasting shall be done so close to the banks of a stream that 
the banks would be ruptured or broken, permitting the water to enter the 
strip mine pit. 

5. Public highways shall be barricaded and guarded by the operator in 
all cases where such highway or highways are located within 800 feet of any 
point where a blast is about to be fired. 

6. Mudcapping will be permitted only where it would endanger the 
safety of the workmen to drill the rock to be blasted. 

7. If mudcapping is necessary, a maximum of 10 pounds of powder may 
be used. 

8. All trunk lines of Primacord should be covered. However, trunk 
lines of Primacord must be covered if they are within 2,000 feet of such 
buildings as outlined in Section 20 of Act No. U72. 

April 8, 19U8 



(s) George A. Roos, Vice President 

Philadelphia £ Reading Coal 4 Iron Co. 



(s) Sylvain J. Pirson 

Pennsylvania State College 



(a) Edward G. Fox, Gen. Mgr. 

Philadelphia S Reading Coal & Iron Co. 



(s) H. A. Lewis, Mgr., Technical Service 
Sec, E. I. duPont de Nemours & Co. 



(s) 
(s) 



Evan Evans, President 
Lehigh Navigation Coal Co. 

Richard Maize 

Secretary of Mines 



L. Don Leet 



Harvard University 

John L. Romig 
Atlas Powder Company 



J. H. Horlick, Jr. 
Hercules Powder Company 



George J. Clark 
Shen Perm Production Co. 

William T. Dove 
American Cyanamid Co. 

David W. Cosslett 
Department of Mines 



95 



DISCUSSION OF THE VALUE OF ROOF BOLTS AS COMPARED 
WITH PROPS AND TIMBER, FROM A SAFETY POINT CF VIEW, 
IN THE NORTHERN ANTHRACITE FIELD OF PENNSYLVANIA. 

By 

James F. Munley 
Mine Inspector - 1st Anthracite District 

Daniel H. Connelly 
Mine Inspector - 8th Anthracite District 

Thomas M. Beaney 
Mine Inspector - 11th Anthracite District 

January 25, 1950 

On November 21, 19k9, fe, the undersigned, were directed by the Honor- 
able Richard Maize, Secretary of Mines, Commonvfealth of Pennsylvania, to make 
a study of the suitability and the probable result of the application of the 
newly proposed "roof bolting system" in the Northern Anthracite Field. We 
submit herewith our findings and comments. 

The Northern Anthracite Field is approximately 55 miles long and 5 
miles wide at its widest point. It has an area of about 176 square miles. 
The coal seams lie comparatively flat in the upper Luzerne and Lackawanna County 
portion of the field, except along the outcrops and near local faults, where 
they pitch sharply. In the middle and southwesterly part of the Northern Field, 
the coal seams have a greater thickness and lie at depths below the surface 
ranging from less than 50 to more than 2,000 feet. A greater portion of the 
coal in this part of the field is found to pitch sharply because the anticlinals 
and faults are more numerous and the upthrows along the outcrop lines are more 
pronounced. 

Briefly, the roof bolting system consists of the drilling of holes in 
the rock overlying the coal seam to a depth of about 6 feet and inserting 
therein an iron rod of the same length, having a diameter of 1 inch. The 
inner end of the rod is so constructed that the application of pressure ex- 
pands it to the full diameter of the hole, thus securing it in place. A 
steel plate 8 inches by 8 inches is then bolted on the outer end of the rod, 
snug against the roof, thus anchoring the roof to the overlying strata. The 
principle of physics is mechanically sound, but the many theoretical assump- 
tions that must be relied upon in the practical application of the device, 



96 



when used to support mine roof, make it impossible to determine, with any 
degree of certainty, the efficiency of such a device. 

The system, although not new, has, according to press releases been 
introduced and advocated for general use in the Anthracite Region by the 
Federal Bureau of Mines. 

Two installations have been completed for experimental purposes in 
the Northern Anthracite Field, one in Luzerne County and the other in Lacka- 
wanna County. 

In the Luzerne County mine, the bolts were installed at two different 
locations. In one instance twelve bolts were installed between cross-timbers. 
The timbers, standing alone, afforded ample roof protection. In the other 
instance, three channel irons, serving as crossbeams, were held in place 
against the roof by twelve angle bolts, four bolts supporting each channel 
iron. Here again the bolt-supported channel irons were augmented by three 
sets of cross-timber. 

Little, if anything, can be learned from this installation, because 
the cross-timbers used in conjunction with the bolts are, in themselves, 
sufficient to support the roof. 

The installation in the Lackawanna County mine consists of 200 bolts. 
They were installed in a gangway that was driven during the year 1923. Approx- 
imately 23 props had been stood over the years in this gangway, not as a means 
of roof support, but rather to hold the rib in place. The roof in this 
gangway remained secure over a period of 25 years, but shortly after the 
installation of the bolts in 19h9 , a movement developed in the overlying 
strata. The roof rock broke around many of the bolts and in several instances 
the bolts were found to be bent, twisted and dislodged. In fact, the project 
was a complete failure. This statement should not be looked upon as meaning 
that the installation of the bolts was responsible for the collapse. It 
does mean, however, that the physical conditions encountered in this case, 
which are common throughout the entire Anthracite Region, were wholly 
responsible for the failure of the bolts. 

The bolts were installed in an inactive gangway underlying, to the 
extent of about thirty feet (30')i an upper seam in which pillars were being 



97 



removed. Pillars were not being removed directly above the bolted gangway, 
but such work was in progress 600 feet laterally therefrom. The removal of 
these pillars resulted in the development of a squeeze in the underlying 
seam, fracturing the intervening rock and extending to the bolted gangway, 
where it rendered useless the overlying rock for anchoring purposes. After 
the squeeze started, props were installed to assist in the control of the 
roof. This measure was effective in establishing a break line and thus arrest- 
ing the movement of the squeeze. 

The mine inspectors in whose districts the two mines are located, re- 
fused to approve the installation of bolts except in inactive workings, unless 
props or timbers were used in connection with such installations. The reason 
for their refusal to permit the use of bolts without props or timbers was 
twofold - first, their lack of confidence in the practicability of the system 
for use in anthracite mines, and second, the law on the subject, which reads 
as follows: 

"The mine foreman or his assistant shall visit and examine 
every working place in the mine every working day while 
the men of such place are or should be at work, and shall 
direct that each and every working place is properly 
secured by props or timber ." 

If it could only be said that roof bolting is inadequate when exposed 
to some great force of nature, such as a squeeze or crush, that alone would 
not be so bad, but based as it is upon so many assumptions and theories, 
amidst so many unfavorable, concealed conditions, its usefulness as a roof 
support is so uncertain that it should never be used in the Anthracite 
Region where human life is at stake, except in conjunction with sufficient 
props or timbers. 

There are still other features which tend to make the roof bolting 
system a menace. It is rigid and does not lend itself to the cushioning 
warnings given by props and timber - warnings wKich the practical miner has 
relied upon since the beginning of mining. 

There is scarcely any problem in the mining industry which has received 
more consideration than that of roof fall injuries. Men practically fitted 
to analyze and discuss thi3 matter generally agree that injuries of this 
nature do not occur because of the absence of an efficient system of roof 
support. Props, timbering, lagging and forepoling have been used since the 
beginning of mining and have rarely, if ever, been found inefficient. 



Investigation of innumerable fatalities resulting from roof falls reveals, 
not the need for a new system of roof support, but rather the prompt appli- 
cation of our present systan of timbering. This can best be accomplished by 
proper and efficient supervision. 

Therefore, when under our present system of supporting roof, with our 
constant urging to have props stood promptly when room is available, that 
the number of roof fall injuries may be reduced, we are far from being success- 
ful, what can we expect in the event the roof bolting system is universally 
adopted - a system which will demand of the miner a far greater sacrifice of 
time and human energy to install? It is our unanimous belief that should 
the roof bolting system develop in the Anthracite Region, its fruits will be 
tragic for the miner. 

Much interest was unduly aroused in the Anthracite Region recently 
over this new method for the prevention of roof fall injuries, when from time 
to time someone occupying an exalted position imprudently announced a dis- 
covery which "will bring about victory over the roof fall evil." We are of 
the unanimous opinion that there will follow, for those Who allow themselves 
to be deceived, only cruel disappointment. 

The means by which the number of roof fall injuries can be reduced in 
the Anthracite mines becomes obvious after one has investigated a sufficient 
number of such injuries. It is found in so many cases that the miner failed 
to stand a prop or timber when room was available, and that the supervising 
official failed to see that such prop or timber was stood. This is the 
greatest stumbling block with which we are confronted in our endeavor to 
reduce the number of roof fall injuries - a stumbling block that the roof 
bolting system will enlarge, because of the greater amount of time and 
energy necessarily expended in the installation of a roof bolt, as compared 
with that required to stand a prop. 

We are amazed that anyone enjoying security from this dreadful roof 
fall evil would so completely disregard the security of the miner by ad- 
vocating the general use of roof bolts instead of props, timber, lagging 
and forepoling. We can only feel that these advocates have been misled by 
the extravagant claims, publicly announced, for the proposed roof bolting 



99 



system. 

Our criticism is admittedly unusual and perhaps extreme, but so is 
the "roof bolting project" an unusual and an extreme menace, as the mining 
conditions in the Anthracite Region abundantly demonstrate. One need only 
consider that mining activities are carried on in six to twelve different 
coal seams, separated by rock strata of every description, varying in thick- 
ness from 10 to 250 feet. If we add to this our consideration of the anti- 
clinals, synclinals, saddles, faults and slips in all of the coal seams where 
the whole mass is generally subjected to a slow constant crush, and then 
realize that the greater amount of the coal mined in the Anthracite Region 
comes from robbing sections, or sections affected by robbing, it should not 
be hard for the practical man to see the reason for our objection to the roof 
bolting system in the Anthracite Region, unless augmented by props or timber 
as provided by law. 

The pressure of the great mass from the surface to the lowest coal 
seam, honeycombed as these seams are by mining, has caused innumerable 
fractures in the rock strata overlying the coal seams, and naturally as time 
goes on this pressure will become more pronounced and destructive, thus 
rendering the roof strata of little value for anchoring purposes. 

We are in full accord with the letter written by Richard Maize, 
Secretary of Mines, dated October 3, 19U9, in which he directed the Anthra- 
cite Mine Inspectors to notify all operators that "under no circumstances 
may they experiment with this method of roof control (roof bolting) in places 
where miners are cutting, blasting or loading coal." 

Likewise, the letter from Joseph J. Walsh, Deputy Secretary of Mines, 
dated August 29, 19U9, in which he states, " * * * I feel that we ought 
to be on our guard against thinking that a new discovery has been found 
which will bring about a reduction in the number of roof fall accidents. 
It would be imprudent to claim that this new discovery will bring about 
victory over the roof fall evil. Our prime concern should be, not with this 
new and untried method of roof support, but rather with the prompt and 
practical application of the method that has stood the test of time." 

In conclusion, we wish to emphasize that it is our unanimous 
opinion that the "roof bolting system" should never be used for the purpose 



100 



advocated, except in conjunction with sufficient props or timber. 

(s) James F. Munley 

Mine Inspector - 1st Anthracite District 

(s) Daniel H. Connelly 

Mine Inspector - 8th Anthracite District 






(s) Thomas ¥.. Beaney 

l.'ine Inspector - 11th Anthracite District 



101 



DISCUSSION OF THE VALUE OF ROOF BOLTS AS COMPARED 
WITH PROPS AND TIMBER, FROM A SAFETY POINT OF VIEW, 
IN THE EASTERN MIDDLE, WESTERN MIDDLE AND SOUTHERN 
ANTHRACITE FIELDS OF PENNSYLVANIA. 



By 





0. 


E. Smith 


Mine 


Inspector - 


25th Anthracite District 




T. 


A. Ryan 


Mine 


Inspector - 


19th Anthracite District 




w. 


J. Clements 



Mine Inspector - 17th Anthracite District 

February 2, 193>0 

We have examined all known installations, proposed installations 
and roof conditions in representative mines in the area. We have discussed 
the matter with mining men we encountered, accumulating their opinions. 

We have also taken into consideration the geologic structures of the 
region, methods of mining, timbering, blasting, together with the small 
amount of actual experience in roof bolting in the region. 

Roof bolting experience being as limited as it is, a large portion 
of our account is based upon conditions, actual mining experience and 
opinion, as follows: 

GEOLOGY OF THE FIELD 

The Eastern Middle, Western Middle and Southern Anthracite Fields 
are subjected to lateral squeezing by a movement of the earth's crust, 
apparently from a southeasterly direction. The results of this thrust 
are apparent in the many synclines and anticlines throughout the region. 
The limbs of these synclines and anticlines are bedded on varying pitches, 
ranging from light to heavy pitches, some cases of overfolding, slips, 
underlaps, etc. 

The tremendous pressures exerted upon the coal seams and the ad- 
jacent strata seriously affected the mining conditions throughout the 
region. Numerous slip-faults, roof bells, swells and pinches occurred, 
not only in the coal seams, but in the roof and floor materials. 



102 



The coal seams, under this contorting influence, were crushed, this 
condition ranging from solid in the Eastern Middle to slightly crushed to pul- 
verized in the Western Middle and Southern Fields. 

It follows that since the coal seams were crushed, squeezed and pinch- 
ed to varying thicknesses, the surrounding strata were treated likewise. The 
net results are constantly changing bed thicknesses, not only in the coal, but 
in the rock structures. We quote instances where the dividing strata between two 
seams enlarge from one foot to forty feet in a lineal distance of three thousand 
feet along the strike. 

In addition, the breaking up of the strata allowed an inflow of surface 
water, which has created the additional hazard of water, mud and quartz seams 
at unknown locations and areas. 

The rock strata, while well compacted and retaining some of its inher- 
ent cohesion, has been crushed in degrees governed by the original strength of 
the material in the bed, the bed thickness and the location with regard to the 
original thrust. 

The conglomerates, generally thickly bedded, show large cracks at 
long intervals, said cracks remaining as water seams or filled with quartz or 
mud deposits. In some cases a layer of sand and sand pots are found immed- 
iately overlying the seam. This is true of the Lykens Valley Coal Beds in the 
Southern Field. 

The sandstones, bedded in varyinr thicknesses, are blocky, seamy, and 
considerably fractured. Fracture lines range from hairline cracks to large 
fissures, which may be filled with sand, quartz, or finely crushed coal. In the 
extreme Southern Field, the sandstones are often broken into small pieces, much 
as shale. 

The slates have been damaged according to the original elasticity of 
the material. In spots they are almost completely crushed, offering a airly, 
twisted formation, havinp no bed strength or uniformity. In other places, 
the slates are bedded in thin seams, which were elastic enough to absorb the 
bending to which they were subjected, but which, when exposed, succumb to the 
internal stress and split off continuously in thin, jagged layers of many sizes 
and thicknesses. 



103 



The shales, where encountered, are similar in action to the slates, 
except in the extreme south of the region, where they have lost all trace of 
smooth bedding and are completely shattered. 

Mining developed along the limbs of these synclines, and through and 
around the many faults, has necessarily been subject to increasing depth and 
constantly changing conditions. As additional depth is reached, increased 
pressures are noted in roof, pillar and floor. This is a combination of 
natural earth weight and gas pressure. It has been established that entire 
synclines have been rocked from side to side by pillar robbing on both limbs 
at consecutive levels. Squeezes, floor heaves and pillar failure over large 
areas are common, not only in robbing but in first mining. Sloughing of 
pillars because of roof weight, and bursting of coal from pillars because of 
gas pressures are not uncommon. Pressures transmitted from actively mined 
seams to small vein or rock entries through the intervening strata are usual. 
MINING AND TIMBERING 

The Anthracite industry, through over 100 years of effort, has de- 
veloped systems of mining and timbering adapted to the geological features 
of the area. Aware of the economic faults of coal entries, particularly in 
thick seams, the trend has been to rock entries, with the only timbering in 
the coal seams that which is required in the actual mining of the coal, and 
that of short life. At present, experiment in mining entirely by remote 
operation from rock gangways is under study. The greater pressures en- 
countered in the deeper mining are now making timber in the rock gangways 
necessary. 

Roof conditions, from massive sandstone and conglomerate to 
finely fractured shales, are found. Pitches, in any degree from horizontal 
to vertical, are found. Coal seams range from two feet to over one hundred 
feet in thickness. Coal strength varies from hard and strong to finely pul- 
verized and free running. 

Wide work, where any length of life is contemplated, such as haulage- 
ways, travelingways, or airways, has been found wanting, both in safety and 
economy. In such excavations, a minimum width in accordance with clearance 



104 



requirements is used, thus offering less roof exposure and a smaller ultimate 
arch. 

In chamber, breast or pillar work, where short life and maximum coal 
extraction is the object, timbering, width, and method are regulated by the 
strength of the coal seam and roof, and by the pitch. The many varied con- 
ditions have been met by as many methods, each designed to provide the best in 
roof control, ventilation and safety to the workmen. 

A system of timbering, using wooden timber, has been devised to accom- 
pany each system of mining. Single prop, post and bar, three and four piece 
double sets, jugulars, coupling sets, lagging, forepoling and mudsilling are a 
few of the arrangements. Considerable skill and practice, but only a few 
simple tools are required to install this timber. All have been successful 
in the protection of life when used at the proper time and in sufficient 
quantity. Protection is afforded the workmen by support of the loose material 
on ribs and roof, and by the warning given in advance of any major collapse 
or failure. Such timber is rigid enough to provide the required strength, 
flexible enough to absorb slight changes which occur during the adjusting 
period after blasting, and yet strong enough to offer sufficient warning of 
major movement. Such timber is also readily replaceable. 

In the areas of permanence, such as slope or shaft bottoms, where 
squeezes are not anticipated, steel and concrete are often used. If, however, 
as sometimes occurs, a squeeze affects such timbering, replacement is ex- 
tremely difficult and costly. 

BLASTING 

Blasting practices in the area described do not in any way add to the 
security and stability of the roof. 

In the mining of the various seams of coal, local conditions prevent 
the use of mining machines. Many attempts have been made to use cutting or 
shearing machines, but all have met questionable success. Coal or rock must 
then be blasted from the solid. The types of explosives necessary, with the 
quantities loaded, create heavy disturbances in the surrounding strata. The 
resultant shatter cracks, which may or may not be visible, but nevertheless 
are present, are the first step in the breakdown of the roof structure. 



105 



The rock gangways, tunnels, slopes, etc., either parallel to or 
across the strike, are even more subject to blast damage. With the advent 
of mucking machines, fragmentation became essential to success. The practice 
of detonating an entire timed face round at the same instant led to addition- 
al overloading, particularly in the wedge or opening cut. This combination 
of circumstances has resulted in far more shattering and damage to the roof 
arch than is normal. Additional scaling is necessary, and cross breakage 
through the normal bedding is evident. 

THE PRESENT A ND PROPOSED STATUS OF ROOF BOLTING 

The first known application of roof bolting in its present form was 
found at the Hazleton Shaft Colliery of the Lehigh Valley Coal Company. This 
installation was made about 22 years ago. In the Third Level Wharton Vein 
Pumphouse, off ^UO Slope, three rows of eight bolts each were installed, 
spaced on 3' centers along the strike and $ x centers up the pitch. The pur- 
pose was the anchorage of a 6" thick slab of sandstone to the main sandstone 
roof which is massively bedded. This slab had apparently been loosened from 
the main roof by the heat from the steam pumps. This installation was a 
success, although a doubt exists whether any support was necessary, or 
whether it would have been better to take down the slab. 

Another application at this same mine was recently installed at the 
Fourth Level Buck Mountain overcast. The roof at this point is strong gray 
sandstone, bedded in layers three feet thick. The plan was to tie the layers 
of sandstone together, to prevent slabbing when the roof was blasted to pro- 
vide headroom for the overcast. This was successful, although it is probable 
that more credit for the success is due to good line drilling than to the 
bolting. 

A third application, tried for the purpose of preventing over- 
breakage and shattering of roof during the excavation of a skip on the 
Fourth Level at UUO Tunnel to provide room for a turnout met with no success. 
Fifty-two bolts were placed in pairs along the 12' wide tunnel before blast- 
ing off the additional 6 1 skip. This plan failed. The rock broke over and 
around the bolts, leaving them exposed for lengths of 6" to 2' . These 
bolts have been cut off or bent over and the turnout is being timbered with 



106 



steel crossbars on steel legs, as was originally planned. 

The next application discussed is the Porter Tunnel of the Philadel- 
phia 4 Heading Coal 4 Iron Company, in Porter Township, which was attempted 
and discontinued in 19U9. Porter Tunnel is driven into the south slope of 
Big Lick Mountain, beginning in the Mauch Chunk red shale, thence through the 
conglomerates and the coal measures. The roof bolting attempt was made in the 
red shale. The tunnel was timbered through the wash and into the shale with 
12" x 12" wood three and four piece sets for U80' . The management then de- 
cided to proceed without timber. After about 150' had been driven thus, the 
inspector, on a regular inspection, stopped work at the face, due to insecur- 
ity of the roof, and ordered the bad roof taken down or timbered. 

It was decided by the management to install roof bolts. 'When material 
had been procured, bolts were installed, under the supervision of the U. S. 
Bureau of Mines. The development then proceeded. Tour inspector observed 
conditions frequently, and finally, accompanied by two other mine inspectors, 
stopped the work. Areas considered too dangerous for workmen were ordered 
timbered. Steel cross timbers and lagging were installed and the tunnel is 
proceeding in normal fashion. 

The committee feels this was a failure for the following reasons: 

1. Roof bolts could not be placed within 20' of the face because 

the rock peeled over and around the bolts, leaving the bolt and washer hanging 
in the air. This was especially true when the face cut was blasted. 

2. In several spots the original washers were replaced by pieces of 
steel rail, then later by pieces of tie as the rock continued to break 
around the bolt. 

3. It wa3 necessary to scale rock down between the bolts at fre- 
quent intervals. 

U. The rock did "pop" around the bolts, leaving them exposed. 

5. Large pieces of rock, of unknown thickness, when sounded, gave 
off hollow sounds, and tested loose by the vibration method, indicative of 
insecurity. 

6. The rock had no regularity of bedding, contained water and mud 
seams at unknown intervals. 



107 



7. This committee found loose rock, previously bolted, which was 
ordered taken down at once. 

8. No definite knowledge as to the security of anchorage of bolts 
existed. 

9. The tunnel was unsafe for workmen. 

During this experiment, U59 bolts from 5' to 7j* long were installed 
in 6lli lineal feet of tunnel. The bolts were spaced on 3' centers, lineally, 
and grouped 3, U, or $ across the roof as it was judged necessary. The bolts 
were anchored with a split rod and wedge, and were capped with 8" triangular 
plates . 

At the #l| Shaft, Lansford Colliery, of the Lehigh Navigation Coal 
Company, a small section of roof has been bolted. On the Sixth Level, in the 
area within the shaft pillar, bolts 6' long have been placed on 5' centers, 
three to a row across the gangway roof. This Skidmore Gangway is driven for 
the purpose of mining the Mammoth Seam overhead, with, of course, no mining 
contemplated within the shaft pillar. Mining is planned by means of rock 
holes, drill heading in rock, etc. From the point at which the gangway leaves 
the shaft pillar, bolting was discontinued and conventional 3-piece sets were 
installed. The management is aware of the probable dangers of roof bolting 
where the Mammoth Seam will be robbed overhead. 

The roof of the Skidmore Seam is good at this point. It is antici- 
pated that the 1$ bolts installed at this time will be successful. It must 
be stated that no timber other than a single prop on the hanging rib would 
have been installed here. 

The roof consists of a strong sandslate 12" to 2li w thick, then 26' 
to 28' of massive sandstone to the Mammoth Seam. This strong sandslate is 
about 300 lineal feet, and has deteriorated to a curly slate, of unknown 
thickness, having no solidity or bedding, which requires timber immediately 
upon excavating. 

The management at the Philadelphia & Reading Coal & Iron Company's 
Locust Cap Colliery has proposed roof bolting in the Fifth Level haulageway 
to the new place from the West Spring section. This haulageway is composed 
of Gangway 253 in the Skidmore Seam and Gangway 313 in the Seven Foot Seam. 



108 



Both seams average2' in thickness, pitching an average UO' degrees. 
The Bottom Split seam overlies the Skidmore at an interval of about U0' 
and has been robbed. The interval between the Skidmore and the Seven Foot 
is 20'. 

The roof structures over these seams are similar, varying from a 
rubbery, fairly strong sandslate 12' thick, bedded in layers ranging from 6 n 
to U' thick, to a brittle slate, laminated in thin layers, marked by irregular 
fractures and fine quartz seams. The roof has been extensively damaged over 
most of the area, by temperature changes, and heavily in spots by an apparent 
transfer of pressure from the Mammoth Seam, possibly due to partially robbed 
and lost pillars. In a few spots the roof stands safely without timber. 
Throughout most of the haulageway timbering is necessary, and will, in our 
opinion, continue to be necessary. 

The management at the Knickerbocker Mine of this same company, near 
Mahanoy City, had also proposed roof bolting in four gangways, as follows: 
seeking to eliminate timbering and cut down on the size of the opening needed. 
They have also used bolts at a fan installation along a rock gangway. 

In the #U Tunnel East Rock Gangway 17 bolts were installed in addition 
to props on the high side. Additional room has been made at this point to 
allow the installation of a fan. No timber had previously been used. The 
rock was strong, but the bolts were placed for additional security. No evi- 
dence exists that they were needed, or that they assist in roof support in 
any manner. 

In the Buck Slope, 2^ Level, E. Rock Gangway off #21 Tunnel, bolting 
is proposed. The entry is excavated through sandstone with heavy quartz 
seams, about 35' under the bottom split seam, which averages 7' thick. 
Three piece timber sets are placed on the advance on 6' to 8' centers. The 
rock is hard but brittle and due to the brittleness and quartz seams is un- 
predictable and subject to fracture. 

It is possible that numerous bolts would provide safety on the ad- 
vance and eliminate the need for timbering. However, when the coal over- 
head is robbed, as is customary, the rock gangway receives damaging pressure, 



109 



■which causes roof and rib fracturing, as is apparent from #1 to #9 Rock 
Holes, where robbing has been completed. 

In the East Rock Gangway, 2\ Level, 30' under the Buck Mountain Seam, 
which is 12' thick, the gangway is driven through good strong sandstone. 
Three piece sets are placed on 8' centers, and over a long area show no sign 
of damage by rock failure, although the coal overlying has been robbed. At 
only a few spots were small pieces of loose rock detected. It is conceded 
that under such a condition roof bolting might be a success. 

In the Yates ville Basin Slope, $2$ Tunnel E. & W. Rock Gangways under 
the Buck Mountain Seam, bolting is also proposed. These gangways are driven 
in seamy, blocky slate of brittle texture, bedded in small layers, and are 
timbered throughout. The slate offers neither assurance of secure anchorage 
nor beam strength which would permit the use of bolts. Further complications 
are added by the occurrence of a seam of coal 12' above the high rib of the 
gangway. 

The Locust Coal Company had expressed an interest in roof bolting. 
At the time of our visit, the mine superintendent informed us that they were 
no longer interested. We did, however, examine the Sixth Level of the 
Packer #2 Mine, where the strata are cut across the basin, in order to get a 
picture of the roof structures in this valley. 

The roof overlying the coal seams, generally thick beds of finely 
laminated slate, brittle and broken, offer no promise of success or safety 
for bolting. Above these slates is bedded soft sandstone. The rock gangways, 
driven in the sandstones, must also be timbered throughout. 

The security of the roof is also impaired by pressures due to depth 
below the surface, inherent gas pressures which occur in the rock as well as 
in the coal, pressures due to robbing and the general instability of this 
whole basin, which has been rocked from side to side throughout the years. 

In order to complete the study, we selected the mine of the Phoenix 
Coal Company, at Phoenix Park, as a sample of the Southern Field. The 
management stated that they are not interested in roof bolting, but are 
interested in roof control by proper mining methods, widths and timbering. 

The seams of coal at this mine, in which all entry work is done in 



110 



coal, are highly gaseous, and are subjected to intense pressures, irhich are 
apparent in roof breakage, rib sloughing and floor heaving. These pressures 
are apparently the result of gas and depth pressures. The roof structures 
are generally 3' to 10 ' of curly brittle slate, in which roof bolts would have 
no chance of success whatsoever. In only one, the Middle Split, the roof is 
of fair sandstone. In all, timber and lagging are required to confine the ribs. 

ROCF BOLTING THEORY 

The theory of roof bolting, as expounded by representatives of the U. 
S. Bureau of Mines, is based upon the strength of a beam of laminated construc- 
tion, tied together with bolts, or bolts with light crossbars suspended. This 
beam, immediately over the excavation, is expected to support the loose mater- 
ial up to the natural arch, above which the pressures are expected to be trans- 
mitted to the rib. A beam of this type, to have strength, must have contin- 
uity in all its members. 

A second theory, advanced by some of the mining men, who have expressed 
a desire to use roof bolts, offers the idea of anchoring layers of fragile 
material to more massively bedded material above. The plan has been suggested 
for thin seam gangways, or rock gangways driven under the seam to be rained. 
FINDINGS 

Our observations and study of this matter lead us to believe that 
the following statements are true: 

1. The theory of beam strength is without foundation in this region. 
The original damage to the geological structure, damage accruing from blast- 
ing, squeezes, gas and depth pressures, together with the shifting of strata 
caused by pillar robbing, distinctly r«noves such a probability. Continuity 
of structure does not exist. In addition, we find that knowledge is not 
available as to the strength of such a beam, the weight of the material to 
be supported up to the natural arch, or the size of the natural arch in the 
varied materials. We are aware that in some cases no natural arch exists, 
since breaks extending to the surface are common. 

2. Positive knowledge of the firm bolting of such a beam is im- 
possible, nor do we believe that such a beam can be constructed where one 
side (the upper) of the beam is not accessible. 



Ill 



3. The plan of anchoring layers of fragile rock or slate to Mother 
more heavily bedded layers is subject to many opportunities of failure. 
The anthorage cannot be established, except by constant mechanical testing. 
Even if this were done, failure of anchorage due to mud seams, cracks, roof 
faults or squeezes could occur between tests. We call attention to the fact 
that we are in the midst of changing conditions in all our work. 

U. No provision has been made to secure ribs, either in pitching or 
flat work. In pitching seams, ribs must be securely held in place, in order 
to protect means of ingress or egress, ventilation, etc. In spite of or during 
regular timbering, men have lost their lives because of rib runaways. In 
addition, in deep and gaseous mines, regardless of pitch, rib pressures are 
great, and ribs, if left unconfined, will slough away or even bump off with 
violence. It is understood that roof arch, where it exists, is based upon 
width of opening. If ribs fail, increasing width, the arch increases pro- 
portionately, with consequently increasing load upon timbering. We are certain 
that bolting will not confine coal ribs or coal roof. 

5. The comparative work required, plus the additional equipment, 
time, etc., in placing roof bolts, as compared to conventional timbering, 
leads us to believe that we would have less roof control efficiency at the 
working face. The necessity for training a great number of men in new tech- 
niques, particularly in testing and observation, would be conducive to lesser 
safety than our present instantly visible timbering failures. 

6. The additional drilling required, either in roof rock or coal, 
would increase the exposure to dusts, producing respiratory diseases, partic- 
ularly in pitching workings, where water cannot easily be conducted to the 
face. 

7. From the meager figures now available, we see no economic gain 
by converting to bolting. Costs of material, installation of airlines, water 
lines, equipment, drilling time, etc., are unavailable to us. 

8. We believe that the only feasible application in this area lies 
in the use of bolts, in addition to all of the regular timber, in heavy pitch, 
full gob breast work. It is possible that bolts placed in the roof over the 



112 



gob may temporarily support loose flakes of rock until the gob coal has been 
loaded out. If so, a cleaner product could be loaded at the battery with 
less blasting than is normally required. 

9. Such bolts, with almost the entire bolt unavailable for inspec- 
tion, are subject to rust, especially in wet conditions. No knowledge of 
the extent of such deterioration would be possible until failure. 
Conclusion 

We conclude that in the region described herein, no additional safety 
can be achieved by the substitution of roof bolts for the present standard 
timbering. We see no objection to the use of bolts where no timber is norm- 
ally used, or in addition to the regular timbering, provided that the regular 
timbering standard is not relaxed as the result of bolting. 

We also see no objection to the testing of such a method, if human 
life is not endangered in such test. We point out, however, that in such 
changing conditions as exist, a test in one area cannot be applied universally. 

We also believe that if the time and effort now being spent to promote 
roof bolting were spent to further the efficiency of application of our present 
time-tested methods, additional safety would accrue. Accidents due to timber 
failure are the rarity, those due to lack of timbering are the rule. 

We wish to express our appreciation to our Department Heads for the 
privilege of serving on this committee, and for their advice and guidance. 

We acknowledge the courtesy of the various coal company officials 
with thorn we came in contact during our investigation. 

Very truly yours, 



(s) 


G. E. Smith 


!.'ine Inspector - 


- 25th Anthracite District 


(s) 


T. A. Ryan 


Vine Inspector ■ 


- 19th Anthracite District 


(s) 


W. J. Clements 



Mine Inspector - 17th Anthracite District 



113 



REPORT OOVERING MINES EMPLOYING FEWER THAN 
FIVE PERSONS, BUT NOT FEWER THAN TWO 









Aggregate 






Non- 






Number 


Number of 


number of 


Total 


Fatal 


fatal 


Production 


Dist- 


of 


employes 


man-da ^s 


production 


acci- 


acci- 


per fatal 


rict 


mines 


all mines 


worked 


all mines 


• dents 


dents 


accident 


1 


17 


U9 


3,577 


11,875 








2 


6 


17 


1,921 


5,9U8 


- 


1 


- 


3 


3 


11 


1,705 


3,783 


- 


1 


- 


5 


8 


21 


2,217 


5,956 


- 


- 


- 


6 
7 
8 
9 
10 


8 


28 


U,760 


9,825 


- 


- 


- 


11 
12 
13 
Hi 
15 


2 


k 


UOU 


1,226 


- 


_ 


: 


16 

17 


b 


10 


1,21,0 


3,32U 


- 


- 


_ 


18 
19 


79 


2U8 


53,320 


127,290 


1 


10 


127,290 


20 


h3 


litf 


27,636 


65,571 


- 


13 


- 


21 


IS 


255 


53,OUO 


159,120 


1 


10 


159,120 


22 


109 


396 


89,100 


150,708 


1 


15 


150,708 


23 


93 


323 


51,680 


165,17U 


- 


5 


- 


2U 


162 


5Hi 


88,760 


23U,387 


2 


5 


117,193 


2$ 


199 


782 


12U,h78 


371,033 


1 


15 


371,033 


26 


89 


232 


U8,U62 


78,632 


- 


2 


- 


27 


173 


585 


97,885 


291,78U 


- 


7 


- 




1,070 


3,622 


650,185 


1,685,636 


6 


81 


280,939 



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124 



INDEX 



Page 



Title page • . i 

Blank ii 

Governor Duff's photograph ili 

Letter of transmittal iv 

Richard Maine's photograph v 

Plank vi 

PRODUCTION: of coal, how shipped to market, amount sold to local trade, 

used at colliery for steam and heat, explosives, days worked, 
employes, fatal and nor-fatal C60 day disabilit3'- or more) 
accidents, man-days, by inspection district. 1 

(Deep mined, Stripping and bank) and enrol oyes, by county 2 

Total production, washery and stri oping production, employes, 

fatalities, production per fatality, fatalities per million 

tons, and number of inspectors, 1870 to 19U9, inc. 3-U 

of coal, how shipped to market, amount sold to local trade, 

used at colliery for steam and heat, explosives, days worked, 

employes, fatal and non-fatal (60 day disability or more) 

accidents, by operator, for each inspection district 5-62 

Operators producing 10,000 tons or over, in order of their 

production 63-6U 

Employes: Inside, by classification 65 

Outside, and total number, by classification 66 

ACCIDENTS: Fatal, name and address of victim, name of company, colliery 

or mine, date of accident and cause of injury 67-70 

Fatal, causes of, by coiinty 71 

Fatal, inside, outside, and total mimber, production per 
fatal inside and production per fatal inside and outside, 
by inspection district 72 

Fatal, inside, outside, and total number, production per 
fatal inside and production oer fatal inside and outside, 
by operator 73 

Fatal, by months, 19u0 to 19li9, inclusive 7b. 

T^atal accidents, in which five or more persons were killed, 

18U7 to 19li9, inclusive 75-76 

STRIPPING: Production, days worked, employes, by operator 77-80 

Production, employes, fatalities, by county 2 

MISCELLANEOUS: Twenty-one year study of anthracite, by county, production, 
employes, average days worked, fatal accidents, man-days 
production per fatal, fatalities per million man-days 81-8U 

Fatalities per million man-hours, by months, 19U8 & 19U9 85 

List of operators, managing officials, addresses 86-93 

Rules governing blasting at strip mining operations 9U 

Discussion of value of roof bolts in the Northern 

Anthracite Field of Pennsylvania 95-100 

Discussion of value of roof bolts in the Eastern Middle, 

Western Middle and Southern Anthracite Fields of Pennsylvania 101-112 

Report covering mines eraployinp fewer than five persons 113 

f'aps, charts and photo praohs llh-121 

125